Uranium Africain Une Histoire Globale Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Uranium africain. Une histoire globale
Author: Gabrielle Hecht
Publisher: Le Seuil
ISBN: 2021166023
Pages: 416
Year: 2016-04-14T00:00:00+02:00
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L'uranium de la bombe lancée sur Hiroshima provenait d'Afrique. À l'âge de l'équilibre de la terreur, pendant la guerre froide, Congo, Gabon, Madagascar, Niger, Afrique du Sud et Namibie ont fourni chaque année entre 20 et 50 % de l'uranium importé en Occident. Pour éclairer la place centrale du continent africain dans l'histoire du nucléaire, Gabrielle Hecht nous fait pénétrer dans ses mines. La grande force du récit – car c'en est un, riche en histoires, nourri d'archives inédites et de très nombreuses interviews avec des acteurs locaux – est de montrer que la qualification de " nucléaire " est une construction variable selon les rapports de force, les moments, les lieux et les controverses technopolitiques, et qu'elle ne peut se réduire à des questions de radioactivité et de fission. Il fallut attendre 1990 pour que les mines d'uranium proprement dites soient définies comme des " installations nucléaires ", quand en 2003 l'uranium nigérien supposé avoir été livré à Saddam Hussein était considéré comme suffisamment " nucléaire " pour justifier une guerre contre l'Irak : un décalage qui, en exemptant les acteurs des procédures de contrôle élaborées par l'Agence internationale de l'énergie atomique, fut bien évidemment propice au commerce de l'uranium. L'enjeu de ce livre est aussi de montrer, parfois crûment, les conséquences sanitaires et environnementales dévastatrices des rapports de forces politiques, commerciaux et humains qui sont au cœur de l'exploitation du minerai. Traduit de l'anglais (États-Unis) par Charlotte Nordmann Gabrielle Hecht, professeure d'histoire à l'université du Michigan, a publié en 2004 Le Rayonnement de la France. Énergie nucléaire et identité nationale après la Seconde Guerre mondiale (1998, MIT Press).
Being Nuclear
Author: Gabrielle Hecht
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262300672
Pages: 480
Year: 2012-03-02
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Uranium from Africa has long been a major source of fuel for nuclear power and atomic weapons, including the bomb dropped on Hiroshima. In 2003, after the infamous "yellow cake from Niger," Africa suddenly became notorious as a source of uranium, a component of nuclear weapons. But did that admit Niger, or any of Africa's other uranium-producing countries, to the select society of nuclear states? Does uranium itself count as a nuclear thing? In this book, Gabrielle Hecht lucidly probes the question of what it means for something--a state, an object, an industry, a workplace--to be "nuclear." Hecht shows that questions about being nuclear--a state that she calls "nuclearity"--lie at the heart of today's global nuclear order and the relationships between "developing nations" (often former colonies) and "nuclear powers" (often former colonizers). Hecht enters African nuclear worlds, focusing on miners and the occupational hazard of radiation exposure. Could a mine be a nuclear workplace if (as in some South African mines) its radiation levels went undetected and unmeasured? With this book, Hecht is the first to put Africa in the nuclear world, and the nuclear world in Africa. By doing so, she remakes our understanding of the nuclear age.
Entangled Geographies
Author: Gabrielle Hecht
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262294753
Pages: 352
Year: 2011-04-04
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The Cold War was not simply a duel of superpowers. It took place not just in Washington and Moscow but also in the social and political arenas of geographically far-flung countries emerging from colonial rule. Moreover, Cold War tensions were manifest not only in global political disputes but also in struggles over technology. Technological systems and expertise offered a powerful way to shape countries politically, economically, socially, and culturally. Entangled Geographies explores how Cold War politics, imperialism, and postcolonial nation building became entangled in technologies and considers the legacies of those entanglements for today's globalized world. The essays address such topics as the islands and atolls taken over for military and technological purposes by the supposedly non-imperial United States, apartheid-era South Africa's efforts to achieve international legitimacy as a nuclear nation, international technical assistance and Cold War politics, the Saudi irrigation system that spurred a Shi'i rebellion, and the momentary technopolitics of emergency as practiced by Medecins sans Frontières. The contributors to Entangled Geographies offer insights from the anthropology and history of development, from diplomatic history, and from science and technology studies. The book represents a unique synthesis of these three disciplines, providing new perspectives on the global Cold War.
The Rentier State in Africa
Author: Douglas Andrew Yates
Publisher: Africa World Press
ISBN: 0865435219
Pages: 249
Year: 1996
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This is a detailed study of the political and economic condition of the Republic of Gabon, focusing on the years of the oil boom (1975-1985). The rise to power of Leon M'Ba and the Foccart Network leading to the Bongo regime are just a few of the key elements examined. Reverberating through this book, with all its concrete, factual information about past and current economic conditions, is the stark realization that the Republic of Gabon - while technically "liberated" from colonial rule - is anything but free.
The Radiance of France
Author: Gabrielle Hecht, Michel Callon
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262266172
Pages: 496
Year: 2009-07-31
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In the aftermath of World War II, as France sought a distinctive role for itself in the modern, postcolonial world, the nation and its leaders enthusiastically embraced large technological projects in general and nuclear power in particular. The Radiance of France asks how it happened that technological prowess and national glory (or "radiance," which also means "radiation" in French) became synonymous in France as nowhere else.To answer this question, Gabrielle Hecht has forged an innovative combination of technology studies and cultural and political history in a book that, as Michel Callon writes in the new foreword to this edition, "not only sheds new light on the role of technology in the construction of national identities" but is also "a seminal contribution to the history of contemporary France." Proposing the concept of technopolitical regime as a way to analyze the social, political, cultural, and technological dynamics among engineering elites, unionized workers, and rural communities, Hecht shows how the history of France's first generation of nuclear reactors is also a history of the multiple meanings of nationalism, from the postwar period (and France's desire for post-Vichy redemption) to 1969 and the adoption of a "Frenchified" American design.This paperback edition of Hecht's groundbreaking book includes both Callon's foreword and an afterword by the author in which she brings the story up to date, and reflects on such recent developments as the 2007 French presidential election, the promotion of nuclear power as the solution to climate change, and France's aggressive exporting of nuclear technology.
Une autre histoire des "Trente Glorieuses"
Author: Céline Pessis, Sezin Topçu, Christophe Bonneuil
Publisher:
ISBN: 2707188840
Pages: 310
Year: 2016-01-07
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Comme il était doux le temps des "Trente Glorieuses" ! La démocratisation de la voiture et de la viande ! L'électroménager libérant la femme ! La mécanisation agricole éradiquant la famine ! La Troisième Guerre mondiale évitée et la grandeur nationale restaurée grâce à la dissuasion nucléaire ! Etc. Telle est aujourd'hui la vision dominante de cette période d'"expansion", objet d'une profonde nostalgie passéiste... au risque de l'aveuglement sur les racines de la crise contemporaine. A rebours d'une histoire consensuelle de la modernisation, cet ouvrage dévoile l'autre face, noire, du rouleau compresseur de la "modernité" et du "progrès", qui tout à la fois créa et rendit invisibles ses victimes : les irradié.e.s des essais nucléaires en Algérie et en Polynésie, les ouvrier.ère.s de l'amiante ou des mines d'uranium contaminé.e.s, les rivières irrémédiablement polluées, les cerveaux colonisés par les mots d'ordre de la "croissance" et de la publicité... Il nous faut donc réévaluer la période et faire resurgir la voix des vaincu.e.s et des critiques du "progrès" (de l'atome, des pollutions, du productivisme et du consumérisme) antérieures à 1968. L'enjeu est non seulement de démonter les stratégies qui permirent alors de les contourner, mais aussi de les réinscrire dans les combats politiques et écologiques contemporains.
Trade in the Ancient Sahara and Beyond
Author: D. J. Mattingly, V. Leitch, C. N. Duckworth, A. Cuénod, F. Cole, M. Sterry
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110719699X
Pages: 420
Year: 2017-11-30
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Demonstrates that the pre-Islamic Sahara was a more connected region than previously thought, with trade an essential linking element.
The Rise of Financial Capitalism
Author: Larry Neal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521457386
Pages: 278
Year: 1993-11-26
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Based on computer analysis of price quotes from the eighteenth-century financial press, this work reevaluates the evolution of financial markets.
Mining in Africa
Author: Bonnie Campbell
Publisher: IDRC
ISBN: 074532939X
Pages: 276
Year: 2009-06-15
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This report edited by the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association assesses how parliamentary committees can enhance democratic governance.
Technologies of Power
Author: Thomas Parke Hughes, Agatha C. Hughes, Michael Thad Allen, Gabrielle Hecht
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 026251124X
Pages: 339
Year: 2001
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This collection explores how technologies become forms of power, how people embed their authority in technological systems, and how the machines and the knowledge that make up technical systems strengthen or reshape social, political, and cultural power. The authors suggest ways in which a more nuanced investigation of technology's complex history can enrich our understanding of the changing meanings of modernity. They consider the relationship among the state, expertise, and authority; the construction of national identity; changes in the structure and distribution of labor; political ideology and industrial development; and political practices during the Cold War. The essays show how insight into the technological aspects of such broad processes can help synthesize material and cultural methods of inquiry and how reframing technology's past in broader historical terms can suggest new directions for science and technology studies.The essays were written in honor of Thomas Parke Hughes and Agatha Chipley Hughes, whose spirit of inquiry they seek to continue.Contributors Janet Abbate, Michael Thad Allen, W. Bernard Carlson, Gabrielle Hecht, Erik P. Rau, Eric Schatzberg, Amy Slaton, John Staudenmaier, Edmund N. Todd, Hans Weinberger.
Belgium and the Congo, 1885-1980
Author: Guy Vanthemsche
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521194210
Pages: 289
Year: 2012-04-30
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This book explains how and why Belgium, a small but influential European country, was changed through its colonial activities in the Congo, from the first expeditions in 1880 to the Mobutu regime in the 1980s. Belgian politics, diplomacy, economic activity and culture were influenced by the imperial experience. Belgium and the Congo, 1885-1980 yields a better understanding of the Congo's past and present.
History of the Workplace
Author: Lars Bluma, Judith Rainhorn
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317626109
Pages: 144
Year: 2016-04-14
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Interest in the history of the workplace is on the rise. Recent work in this area has combined traditional methods and theories of social history with new approaches and new questions. It constitutes a ‘topical contact zone’, a particularly dynamic field of research at the junction of social history, history of occupational health and safety, history of technology and the industrial environment. This book focuses on the new approaches in this important and growing area and their possible range of influence. These new attempts to rewrite a history of the workplace are multiple - and in some cases disparate - but share many key characteristics. They are turning away from the assumption that class and class conflict is the prime mover in social history, abandoning the traditional binomial workers vs. entrepreneurs perspective which had long sustained the historical perspective on labour. Moreover, as this collections outlines, these new attempts concentrate on the analysis of complex social networks of actors that defined and configured industrial workplaces, suggesting a broadening of possible social actors. This book was originally published as a special issue of the European Review of History.
Reclaiming Paradise
Author: John McCormick
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 025320660X
Pages: 278
Year: 1991
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The Unspoken Alliance
Author: Sasha Polakow-Suransky
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307379256
Pages: 352
Year: 2010-05-25
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A revealing account of how Israel’s booming arms industry and apartheid South Africa’s international isolation led to a secretive military partnership between two seemingly unlikely allies. Prior to the Six-Day War, Israel was a darling of the international left: socialist idealists like David Ben-Gurion and Golda Meir vocally opposed apartheid and built alliances with black leaders in newly independent African nations. South Africa, for its part, was controlled by a regime of Afrikaner nationalists who had enthusiastically supported Hitler during World War II. But after Israel’s occupation of Palestinian territories in 1967, the country found itself estranged from former allies and threatened anew by old enemies. As both states became international pariahs, their covert military relationship blossomed: they exchanged billions of dollars’ worth of extremely sensitive material, including nuclear technology, boosting Israel’s sagging economy and strengthening the beleaguered apartheid regime. By the time the right-wing Likud Party came to power in 1977, Israel had all but abandoned the moralism of its founders in favor of close and lucrative ties with South Africa. For nearly twenty years, Israel denied these ties, claiming that it opposed apartheid on moral and religious grounds even as it secretly supplied the arsenal of a white supremacist government. Sasha Polakow-Suransky reveals the previously classified details of countless arms deals conducted behind the backs of Israel’s own diplomatic corps and in violation of a United Nations arms embargo. Based on extensive archival research and exclusive interviews with former generals and high-level government officials in both countries, The Unspoken Alliance tells a troubling story of Cold War paranoia, moral compromises, and Israel’s estrangement from the left. It is essential reading for anyone interested in Israel’s history and its future. From the Hardcover edition.
The Physiology of Industry
Author: Albert Frederick Mummery, John Atkinson Hobson
Publisher: London : J. Murray
ISBN:
Pages: 215
Year: 1889
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