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Une saison de machettes
Author: Jean Hatzfeld
Publisher: Le Seuil
ISBN: 2021010376
Pages: 316
Year: 2009-10-01T00:00:00+02:00
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Élie : "... Au fond, un homme c'est comme un animal, tu le tranches sur la tête ou sur le cou, il s'abat de soi. Dans les premiers jours, celui qui avait abattu des poulets, et surtout des chèvres, se trouvait avantagé ; ça se comprend. Par la suite, tout le monde s'est accoutumé à cette nouvelle activité et a rattrapé son retard... Le boulot nous tirait les bras... ... Personne ne peut avouer l'entière vérité. Sauf à se damner aux yeux des autres. Et ça, c'est trop grave. Mais un petit nombre commencent à raconter des bouts terribles. C'est grand-chose... Les fauteurs savent plus que des souvenirs et des précisions élémentaires, ils ont des secrets dans l'âme..." Il a toujours semblé que les tueurs d'un génocide, trop dépassés par l'énormité de leurs actes, ne pouvaient que mentir ou se taire. Dans un pénitencier près de Nyamata, une bourgade rwandaise, l'auteur a rencontré un groupe de tueurs. Des copains, sans contact avec le monde extérieur et déjà condamnés. Au fil de mois de discussions, ils ont montré l'envie de raconter ce "brouhaha" de l'extermination, de dire précisément l'indicible. Pour renouer avec nous ? Renouer avec les braves cultivateurs ou instituteurs qu'ils avaient été ? Au plus près du mal absolu, le génocide, qu'il soit juif, gitan ou tutsi, leurs récits et les réflexions de l'auteur apportent autant de questions que de réponses.
Machete Season
Author: Jean Hatzfeld
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 1429923512
Pages: 272
Year: 2006-04-18
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In April-May 1994, 800,000 Rwandan Tutsis were massacred by their Hutu fellow citizens--about 10,000 a day, mostly being hacked to death by machete. In Machete Season, the veteran foreign correspondent Jean Hatzfeld reports on the results of his interviews with nine of the Hutu killers. They were all friends who came from a single region where they helped to kill 50,000 out of their 59,000 Tutsi neighbors, and all of them are now in prison, some awaiting execution. It is usually presumed that killers will not tell the truth about their brutal actions, but Hatzfeld elicited extraordinary testimony from these men about the genocide they had perpetrated. He rightly sees that their account raises as many questions as it answers. Adabert, Alphonse, Ignace, and the others (most of them farmers) told Hatzfeld how the work was given to them, what they thought about it, how they did it, and what their responses were to the bloodbath. "Killing is easier than farming," one says. "I got into it, no problem," says another. Each describes what it was like the first time he killed someone, what he felt like when he killed a mother and child, how he reacted when he killed a cordial acquaintance, how 'cutting' a person with a machete differed from 'cutting' a calf or a sugarcane. And they had plenty of time to tell Hatzfeld, too, about whether and why they had reconsidered their motives, their moral responsibility, their guilt, remorse, or indifference to the crimes. Hatzfeld's meditation on the banal, horrific testimony of the genocidaires and what it means is lucid, humane, and wise: he relates the Rwanda horror to war crimes and to other genocidal episodes in human history. Especially since the Holocaust, it has been conventional to presume that only depraved and monstrous evil incarnate could perpetrate such crimes, but it may be, he suggests, that such actions are within the realm of ordinary human conduct. To read this disturbing, enlightening and very brave book is to consider in a new light the foundation of human morality and ethics.
Storytelling: Critical and Creative Approaches
Author: J. Shaw, P. Kelly, L. Semler
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137349956
Pages: 348
Year: 2013-11-27
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This collection uses the concept of 'story' to connect literary materials and methods of analysis to wider issues of social and political importance. Drawing on a range of texts, themes include post-colonial literatures, history in literature, old stories in contemporary contexts, and the relationship between creativity and criticism.
The Antelope's Strategy
Author: Jean Hatzfeld
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 1429940476
Pages: 256
Year: 2010-03-02
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A powerful report on the aftereffects of the genocide in Rwanda—and on the near impossibility of reconciliation between survivors and killers In two acclaimed previous works, the noted French journalist Jean Hatzfeld offered a profound, harrowing witness to the unimaginable pain and horror in the mass killings of one group of people by another. Combining his own analysis of the events with interviews from both the Hutu killers who carried out acts of unimaginable depravity and the Tutsi survivors who somehow managed to escape, in one, based mostly on interviews with Tutsi survivors, he explored in unprecedented depth the witnesses' understanding of the psychology of evil and their courage in survival; in the second, he probed further, in talks with a group of Hutu killers about their acts of unimaginable depravity. Now, in The Antelope's Strategy, he returns to Rwanda seven years later to talk with both the Hutus and Tutsis he'd come to know—some of the killers who had been released from prison or returned from Congolese exile, and the Tutsi escapees who must now tolerate them as neighbors. How are they managing with the process of reconciliation? Do you think in their hearts it is possible? The enormously varied and always surprising answers he gets suggest that the political ramifications of the international community's efforts to insist on resolution after these murderous episodes are incalculable. This is an astonishing exploration of the pain of memory, the nature of stoic hope, and the ineradicability of grief.
Life Laid Bare
Author: Jean Hatzfeld
Publisher: Other Press, LLC
ISBN: 1590516699
Pages: 256
Year: 2013-03-26
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"To make the effort to understand what happened in Rwanda is a painful task that we have no right to shirk–it is part of being a moral adult." –Susan Sontag In the late 1990s, French author and journalist Jean Hatzfeld made several journeys into the hilly, marshy region of the Bugesera, one of the areas most devastated by the Rwandan genocide of April 1994, where an average of five out of six Tutsis were hacked to death with machete and spear by their Hutu neighbors and militiamen. In the villages of Nyamata and N'tarama, Hatzfeld interviewed fourteen survivors of the genocide, from orphan teenage farmers to the local social worker. For years the survivors had lived in a muteness as enigmatic as the silence of those who survived the Nazi concentration camps. In Life Laid Bare, they speak for those who are no longer alive to speak for themselves; they tell of the deaths of family and friends in the churches and marshes to which they fled, and they attempt to account for the reasons behind the Tutsi extermination. For many of the survivors "life has broken down," while for others, it has "stopped," and still others say that it "absolutely must go on." These horrific accounts of life at the very edge contrast with Hatzfeld's own sensitive and vivid descriptions of Rwanda's villages and countryside in peacetime. These voices of courage and resilience exemplify the indomitable human spirit, and they remind us of our own moral responsibility to bear witness to these atrocities and to never forget what can come to pass again. Winner of the Prix France Culture and the Prix Pierre Mille, Life Laid Bare allows us, in the author's own words, "to draw as close as we can get to the Rwandan genocide."
A Sunday at the Pool in Kigali
Author: Gil Courtemanche
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307424529
Pages: 272
Year: 2007-12-18
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A Sunday at the Pool in Kigali is a moving, passionate love story set amid the turmoil and terror of Rwanda’s genocide. All manner of Kigali residents pass their time by the pool of the Mille-Collines hotel: aid workers, Rwandan bourgeoisie, expatriates, UN peacekeepers, prostitutes. Keeping a watchful eye is Bernard Valcourt, a jaded foreign journalist, but his closest attention is devoted to Gentille, a hotel waitress with the slender, elegant build of a Tutsi. As they slip into an intense, improbable affair, the delicately balanced world around them–already devastated by AIDS–erupts in a Hutu-led genocide against the Tutsi people. Valcourt’s efforts to spirit Gentille to safety end in their separation. It will be months before he learns of his lover’s shocking fate. From the Trade Paperback edition.
Running the Rift
Author: Naomi Benaron
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
ISBN: 1780740786
Pages: 384
Year: 2012-01-04
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Jean Patrick dreams of running in the Olympics, and with gruelling training he soon beats a world qualifying time. But his chances of success are threatened by the ethnic tensions erupting all around him. When Hutu violence against Tutsis finally crescendos and his homeland Rwanda is wracked by unforgivable atrocities, Jean Patrick, a Tutsi, has no choice but to run for his life abandoning fatherland, family, and the woman he loves. Finding them again will be the race of his life. Following a decade in Rwanda’s history through the eyes of one boy, Running the Rift is a wrenching tale of a people’s collective trauma, of lives lost, and loves salvaged.
Translation and Violent Conflict
Author: Moira Inghilleri, Sue-Ann Harding
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317620593
Pages: 210
Year: 2010-01-30
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First Published in 2010. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Rwanda After Genocide
Author: Caroline Williamson Sinalo
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108426131
Pages: 256
Year: 2018-09-30
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Drawing on Rwandan genocide survivor testimonies, this book offers a new approach to psychological trauma that considers both the positive and negative consequences.
Storytelling: Critical and Creative Approaches
Author: J. Shaw, P. Kelly, L. Semler
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137349956
Pages: 348
Year: 2013-11-27
View: 775
Read: 404
This collection uses the concept of 'story' to connect literary materials and methods of analysis to wider issues of social and political importance. Drawing on a range of texts, themes include post-colonial literatures, history in literature, old stories in contemporary contexts, and the relationship between creativity and criticism.
The Kindly Ones
Author: Jonathan Littell
Publisher: Emblem Editions
ISBN: 1551993643
Pages: 992
Year: 2010-03-02
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“Oh my human brothers, let me tell you how it happened.” Dr. Max Aue, the man at the heart of Jonathan Littell’s stunning and controversial novel The Kindly Ones, personifies the evils of the Second World War and the Holocaust. Highly educated and cultured, he was an ambitious SS officer, a Nazi and mass murderer who was in the upper echelons of the Third Reich. He tells us of his experience during the war. He was present at Auschwitz and Babi Yar, witnessed the battle of Stalingrad, and survived the fall of Berlin — receiving a medal from Hitler personally in the last days of Nazi Germany. Long after the war, he is living a comfortable bourgeois life in France, married with two children, managing a lace factory. And now, having evaded justice, he speaks out, giving a precise and accurate record of his life. The tone of his account is detached, lapidary, and for the most part unrepentant, whether he is describing his participation in mass murder on the Eastern Front, his bureaucratic investigations of labour productivity in the death camps, his casual murder of civilians as he tries to break through Russian lines towards the end of the war, or his fervid and convoluted relationship with his twin sister. Over its course, by entwining Aue’s life with those of historical figures such as Eichmann and Speer, Himmler and indeed Hitler, The Kindly Ones comes to depict the entire architecture of Nazism — from its grandest intellectual pretensions to its most minute, most chilling managerial details and executions. The Kindly Ones presents — with unprecedented realism, meticulous research that is both fascinating and compelling, and brilliant literary accomplishment — the greatest horrors imaginable. “War and murder are a question, a question without an answer, for when you cry out in the night, no one answers,” Aue says. In the same way, this powerfully affecting, powerfully challenging book confronts the reader with the most profound questions about history, morality, and art without offering any easy resolution. Written originally in French, and published now in English for the first time, The Kindly Ones has already sold to date well over a million copies in Europe. In France it won two prestigious prizes, including the Goncourt, and has been compared to War and Peace and other great classics of literature. From the Hardcover edition.
Author: Scholastique Mukasonga
Publisher: Archipelago
ISBN: 0914671545
Pages: 165
Year: 2016-10-25
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Imagine being born into a world where everything about you—the shape of your nose, the look of your hair, the place of your birth—designates you as an undesirable, an inferior, a menace, no better than a cockroach, something to be driven away and ultimately exterminated. Imagine being thousands of miles away while your family and friends are brutally and methodically slaughtered. Imagine being entrusted by your parents with the mission of leaving everything you know and finding some way to survive, in the name of your family and your people. Scholastique Mukasonga's Cockroaches is the story of growing up a Tutsi in Hutu-dominated Rwanda—the story of a happy child, a loving family, all wiped out in the genocide of 1994. A vivid, bitterwsweet depiction of family life and bond in a time of immense hardship, it is also a story of incredible endurance, and the duty to remember that loss and those lost while somehow carrying on. Sweet, funny, wrenching, and deeply moving, Cockroaches is a window onto an unforgettable world of love, grief, and horror. From the Trade Paperback edition.
The Media and the Rwanda Genocide
Author: Allan Thompson
Publisher: IDRC
ISBN: 0745326250
Pages: 463
Year: 2007-01-20
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The news media played a crucial role in the 1994 Rwanda genocide. Local media fueled the killings, while international media either ignored or seriously misunderstood what was happening. This is the first book to explore both sides of the media equation. Examining how local radio was used as a tool of hate, encouraging neighbors to turn against each other, the book also presents a critique of international media coverage. Bringing together local reporters, high-profile Western journalists, and leading media theorists, this is the only book to identify the extent of the media's accountability. It also examines deliberations by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda on the role of the media in the genocide. This book is a startling record of the negative influence that the media can have. The authors put forward suggestions for the future, outlining how we can avoid censorship and propaganda and they argue for a new responsibility in media reporting.
Rwanda. Racisme et génocide
Author: Jean-Pierre Chrétien, Marcel Kabanda
Publisher: Humensis
ISBN: 2410001602
Year: 2017-05-19T00:00:00+02:00
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Le génocide des Tutsi du Rwanda en 1994 est emblématique de la catastrophe qui a frappé toute l'Afrique des Grands Lacs depuis une vingtaine d'années. Il n'a été le fruit ni d'une fureur conjoncturelle, ni d'une fatalité ethnographique ou biologique, mais il est le produit très moderne d'une option extrémiste, jouant du racisme comme arme de contrôle du pouvoir. En effet, cette mise en condition de tout un pays aurait été impossible sans l'inscription durable dans la culture de cette région d'Afrique d'une idéologie racialiste, discriminant, sous les étiquettes hutu et tutsi, des autochtones et des envahisseurs, le « vrai peuple » rwandais majoritaire et une « race de féodaux ». Ce livre décrypte la construction de cette idéologie, trop méconnue, qui oppose les « vrais Africains » à des « faux nègres », ceux qu'on a appelés les Hamites depuis les années 1860 dans la littérature africaniste. Le schéma racial dit « hamitique » est né de la même matrice intellectuelle que celui opposant Aryens et Sémites, qui a embrasé l'Europe dans les années 1930-1940.
Deogratias, A Tale of Rwanda
Author: J.P. Stassen
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1596431032
Pages: 79
Year: 2006-05-02
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Deogratias is just a teenager when he experiences genocide in Rwanda with the tale unfolding only before and after the massacre revealing the madness and horror of one young boy and his country.