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Mythes et mythologies politiques
Author: Raoul Girardet
ISBN: 2020114844
Pages: 210
Year: 1990
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C'est par l'examen de ses rêves qu'une société révèle le plus sûrement ses désordres et ses souffrances. Essai d'exploration de l'imaginaire politique à travers les deux derniers siècles de notre histoire, le livre de Raoul Girardet montre comment les grands moments d'effervescence mythologique ont toujours correspondu à des phénomènes de crise, de mutation ou de rupture. C'est autour de l'étude de quatre " grands ensemble " politico-mythologiques que s'organise l'ouvrage : la Conspiration, le Sauveur, l'Age d'or et l'Unité. S'inspirant des leçons de Bacherlard et de Lévi-Strauss, il en décrit les thèmes et en analyse les stuctures. Mais il s'efforce aussi d'apporter un élément nouveau d'interprétation et de compréhension en les replaçant dans le cadre de l'histoire générale d'une société et d'une culture. C'est en fait à une nouvelle lecture de l'histoire idéologique de la France contemporaine que l'ouvrage de Raoul Girardet nous invite.
Born of the Earth
Author: Nicole Loraux
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 080143419X
Pages: 175
Year: 2000
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One of the world's most renowned classicists here offers a fascinating look at myths of origins and their role in ancient Greek civic ideology. Through a series of critical interpretations of Athenian myths, Nicole Loraux explores the meaning of democracy in its first form, which excluded from its benefits women, slaves, and foreigners. Arguing that these stories have much to tell us about the present and the human condition, her book makes important claims about the role of the past in our understanding of the present. Loraux begins by discussing the Greek fascination with being born from the earth. Myths of autochthony, she asserts, shed important light on attitudes toward both foreigners and women in democratic states. She considers the role demarcated for women by the Pandora myth, according to which women are artificially created out of earth and therefore belong to a race apart. Her analysis also extends to contemporary issues, concluding with the place of the foreigner in democratic societies, ancient and modern. Originally published in France in 1996, Born of the Earth has been superbly translated into English by Selina Stewart.
Myth and History in Ancient Greece
Author: Claude Calame
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691114587
Pages: 178
Year: 2003
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Surely the ancient Greeks would have been baffled to see what we consider their "mythology." Here, Claude Calame mounts a powerful critique of modern-day misconceptions on this front and the lax methodology that has allowed them to prevail. He argues that the Greeks viewed their abundance of narratives not as a single mythology but as an "archaeology." They speculated symbolically on key historical events so that a community of believing citizens could access them efficiently, through ritual means. Central to the book is Calame's rigorous and fruitful analysis of various accounts of the foundation of that most "mythical" of the Greek colonies--Cyrene, in eastern Libya. Calame opens with a magisterial historical survey demonstrating today's misapplication of the terms "myth" and "mythology." Next, he examines the Greeks' symbolic discourse to show that these modern concepts arose much later than commonly believed. Having established this interpretive framework, Calame undertakes a comparative analysis of six accounts of Cyrene's foundation: three by Pindar and one each by Herodotus (in two different versions), Callimachus, and Apollonius of Rhodes. We see how the underlying narrative was shaped in each into a poetically sophisticated, distinctive form by the respective medium, a particular poetical genre, and the specific socio-historical circumstances. Calame concludes by arguing in favor of the Greeks' symbolic approach to the past and by examining the relation of mythos to poetry and music.
Author: Roland Barthes, Richard Howard, Annette Lavers
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 0809071940
Pages: 288
Year: 2013-03-12
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"This new edition of MYTHOLOGIES is the first complete, authoritative English version of the French classic, Roland Barthes's most emblematic work"--
Democracy and Totalitarianism
Author: Raymond Aron, Roy Pierce
ISBN: 0472094513
Pages: 262
Year: 1968
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Presents a theoretical framework for comparing political systems in both time and place.
Landscapes of Loss
Author: Naomi Greene
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400823048
Pages: 240
Year: 1999-03-29
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In Landscapes of Loss, Naomi Greene makes new sense of the rich variety of postwar French films by exploring the obsession with the national past that has characterized French cinema since the late 1960s. Observing that the sense of grandeur and destiny that once shaped French identity has eroded under the weight of recent history, Greene examines the ways in which French cinema has represented traumatic and defining moments of the nation's past: the political battles of the 1930s, the Vichy era, decolonization, the collapse of ideologies. Drawing upon a broad spectrum of films and directors, she shows how postwar films have reflected contemporary concerns even as they have created images and myths that have helped determine the contours of French memory. This study of the intricate links between French history, memory, and cinema begins by examining the long shadow cast by the Vichy past: the repressed memories and smothered unease that characterize the cinema of Alain Resnais are seen as a kind of prelude to a fierce battle for national memory that marked so-called rétro films of the 1970s and 1980s. The shifting political and historical perspectives toward the nation's more distant past, which also emerged in these years, are explored in the light of the films of one of France's leading directors, Bertrand Tavernier. Finally, the mood of nostalgia and melancholy that appears to haunt contemporary France is analyzed in the context of films about the nation's imperial past as well as those that hark back to a "golden age," a remembered paradis perdu, of French cinema itself.
Les deux europes
Author: Michele Affinito, Guia Migani, Christian Wenkel
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9052014817
Pages: 359
Year: 2009
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L'histoire de l'Europe au XXe siecle est marquee par de nombreux dualismes dont les traces continuent a caracteriser l'Union europeenne. Pour mieux comprendre les problemes actuels de l'integration europeenne, ces dualismes sont etudies dans une perspective historique et declines en quatre axes de reflexion: Europe de l'Est "versus "Europe de l'Ouest, Europe comme reve "versus "Europe comme realite, Europe(s) politique(s) "versus "Europe(s) economique(s) et Europe puissance "versus "Europe comme instrument de puissance. Le present ouvrage recueille les actes du IIIe colloque international de l'association RICHIE (Reseau international de jeunes chercheurs en histoire de l'integration europeenne) qui s'est tenu a Naples (Italie) en decembre 2007 et qui a reuni une vingtaine de jeunes chercheurs de toute l'Europe pour presenter l'etat de leurs travaux en cours a travers cette perspective. The history of Europe in the 20th century is marked by several dualisms, traces of which continue to characterize the European Union. For a better understanding of the current problems of European integration, these dualisms should be studied in their historical context. This book is organized around four axes: Eastern Europe "versus "Western Europe, Europe as a dream "versus "Europe as a reality, Political Europe(s) "versus "Economic Europe(s), Europe as a power "versus "Europe as an instrument of power. The present work gathers the proceedings of the 3rd international conference of the RICHIE association (International Network of Young Researchers in European Integration History). The conference took place in Naples (Italy) in December 2007, and brought together young scholars from all over Europe to present their current research on this topic."
Preaching the New Lectionary
Author: Dianne Bergant, Richard N. Fragomeni
Publisher: Liturgical Press
ISBN: 0814624731
Pages: 428
Year: 1999
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2000 Catholic Press Association Award Winner! The Lectionary is made up of selected passages from the Bible, placed within a literary and liturgical context. This new context calls for a consideration of the liturgical character and setting of the Lectionary readings. Preaching the New Lectionary: Year B, offers readers that interpretation. Preaching the New Lectionary is unique. First, it employs a literary-liturgical way of interpreting all the readings of each Sunday and major feast of the liturgical year, including the often overlooked responsorial psalm. Second, it explicitly situates the interpretation of each day within the theology of its respective liturgical season. This theology is drawn from the specific themes of the readings that comprise that particular year rather than from more general themes associated with the season. The meaning of the entire season becomes the context for understanding the individual parts of it. Third, the lections are also read in sequential order from the first Sunday of that season to the last. This reading interprets the function of the literary forms, thus providing yet another way of interpreting the riches of the readings. This way of reading and understanding the Lectionary has potential for liturgical ministry. It can quicken the religious imagination of homilists, thus providing fresh new possibilities for liturgical preaching. It offers creative insights for those involved in the liturgical preparation for the celebration of feasts and seasons. It can also act as a valuable resource for liturgical catechesis. The insights included in Preaching the New Lectionary contribute toward enhancing the liturgical lives of the faithful. Dianne Bergant, CSA, is Professor of Old Testament studies at Catholic Theological Union in Chicago. The general editor of The Collegeville Bible Commentary (Old Testament) published by The Liturgical Press, she was editor of The Bible Today from 1986-1990. Richard N. Fragomeni, PhD, is Associate Professor of Liturgy and Homiletics at Catholic Theological Union in Chicago. He is editor of The Ecological Challenge also published by The Liturgical Press.
Author: Sylvie Germain
Publisher: Dedalus Limited
ISBN: 1903517621
Pages: 190
Year: 2008
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Magnus is a deeply moving and enigmatic novel about the Holocaust. Magnus is a man searching for his own identity, attempting to piece together the complex puzzle of his life. But his true story turns out to be closer to a painting by Edward Munch than the romantic tale of family heroism and self-sacrifice on which he was nurtured by the woman he believed was his mother. In Magnus, Sylvie Germain uses imagination and intuition to unlock the enigma of human life and confer on history the power of myth and fable.
The Deaths of Louis XVI
Author: Susan Dunn
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 069114155X
Pages: 192
Year: 2008-12-14
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The public beheading of Louis XVI was a unique and troubling event that scarred French collective memory for two centuries. To Jacobins, the king's decapitation was the people's coronation. To royalists, it was deicide. Nineteenth-century historians considered it an alarming miscalculation, a symbol of the Terror and the moral bankruptcy of the Revolution. By the twentieth century, Camus judged that the killing stood at the "crux of our contemporary history." In this book, Susan Dunn investigates the regicide's pivotal role in French intellectual history and political mythology. She examines how thinkers on the right and left repudiated regicide and terror, while articulating a compassionate, humanitarian vision, which became the moral basis for the modern French nation. Their credo of fraternity and unity, however, strangely depoliticized this supremely political act of regicide. Using theoretical insights from Tocqueville, Arendt, Rawls, Walzer, and others, Dunn explores the transformation of violent regicidal politics into an apolitical cult of ethical purity and an antidemocratic nationalist religion. Her book focuses on the fluidity of political myths. The figure of Louis XVI was transmuted into a Joan of Arc and a deified nation, and the notion of his sacrifice contributed to the disquieting myth of a mystical community of self- sacrificing citizens.
In the Shadow of the General
Author: Sudhir Hazareesingh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195308883
Pages: 238
Year: 2012-07-26
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The French writer Francois Mauriac once predicted that "when de Gaulle will be here no longer, he will still be here." This insight has proved prophetic. In contemporary France, Charles de Gaulle has become a figure of legend, consistently acclaimed as the nation's pre-eminent "historical" figure. Central to this popularity is the recognition of his pivotal role as the founder, and then the leader, of the Resistance movement during the Second World War. Once might be tempted to conclude that it is the man who became mythical, not the institutions he created. But here, the paradoxes abound. For one thing, his personal popularity sits oddly with his social origins and professional background. Neither the nobility, nor the Catholic Church, nor the Army is particularly well-regarded in France today: in their different ways, they all symbolize antiquated traditions and values. So why, then, do the French nonetheless identify with, celebrate, and even revere this austere and devout nobleman, who remained closely wedded to military values throughout his life? In the Shadow of the General resolves this mystery and explains how de Gaulle has to come occupy such a privileged position in the French imagination. Sudhir Hazareesingh's story of how an individual life transformed into national myth also tells a great deal about the French collective self in the twenty-first century: its fractured memory, its aspirations to greatness, and its manifold anxieties. Alongside the tale of de Gaulle's legacy, a much broader narrative unfolds: the story of modern France.
The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies
Author: Michael Freeden, Lyman Tower Sargent, Marc Stears
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191663719
Pages: 752
Year: 2013-08-15
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This is the first comprehensive volume to offer a state of the art investigation both of the nature of political ideologies and of their main manifestations. The diversity of ideology studies is represented by a mixture of the range of theories that illuminate the field, combined with an appreciation of the changing complexity of concrete ideologies and the emergence of new ones. Ideologies, however, are always with us. The Handbook is divided into three sections: The first is divided into three sections: The first reflects some of the latest thinking about the development of ideology on an historical dimension, from the standpoints of conceptual history, Marx studies, social science theory and history, and leading schools of continental philosophy. The second includes some of the most recent interpretations and theories of ideology, all of which are sympathetic in their own ways to its exploration and close investigation, even when judiciously critical of its social impact. This section contains many of the more salient contemporary accounts of ideology. The third focuses on the leading ideological families and traditions, as well as on some of their cultural and geographical manifestations, incorporating both historical and contemporary perspectives. Each chapter is written by an expert in their field, bringing the latest approaches and understandings to their task. The Handbook will position the study of ideologies in the mainstream of political theory and political analysis and will attest to its indispensability both to courses on political theory and to scholars who wish to take their understanding of ideologies in new directions.
Sister Revolutions
Author: Susan Dunn
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 1429923695
Pages: 256
Year: 2000-09-04
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What the two great modern revolutions can teach us about democracy today. In 1790, the American diplomat and politician Gouverneur Morris compared the French and American Revolutions, saying that the French "have taken Genius instead of Reason for their guide, adopted Experiment instead of Experience, and wander in the Dark because they prefer Lightning to Light." Although both revolutions professed similar Enlightenment ideals of freedom, equality, and justice, there were dramatic differences. The Americans were content to preserve many aspects of their English heritage; the French sought a complete break with a thousand years of history. The Americans accepted nonviolent political conflict; the French valued unity above all. The Americans emphasized individual rights, while the French stressed public order and cohesion. Why did the two revolutions follow such different trajectories? What influence have the two different visions of democracy had on modern history? And what lessons do they offer us about democracy today? In a lucid narrative style, with particular emphasis on lively portraits of the major actors, Susan Dunn traces the legacies of the two great revolutions through modern history and up to the revolutionary movements of our own time. Her combination of history and political analysis will appeal to all who take an interest in the way democratic nations are governed.
The Post-War Anglo-American Far Right
Author: P. Jackson, A. Shekhovtsov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137396210
Pages: 155
Year: 2014-10-17
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Since 1945 neo-Nazi and far right extremists on both sides of the Atlantic have developed rich cultures which regularly exchange ideas. Leading activists such as Colin Jordan and George Lincoln Rockwell have helped to establish what has become a complex web of marginalised extremism. This book examines the history of this milieu to the present day.
The Myth of Sisyphus
Author: Albert Camus
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0525567003
Pages: 160
Year: 2018-11-06
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One of the most influential works of this century, The Myth of Sisyphus and Other Essays is a crucial exposition of existentialist thought. Influenced by works such as Don Juan and the novels of Kafka, these essays begin with a meditation on suicide; the question of living or not living in a universe devoid of order or meaning. With lyric eloquence, Albert Camus brilliantly posits a way out of despair, reaffirming the value of personal existence, and the possibility of life lived with dignity and authenticity.