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Gutenberg's Europe
Author: Frédéric Barbier
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1509509933
Pages: 320
Year: 2016-12-05
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Major transformations in society are always accompanied by parallel transformations in systems of social communication ï¿1⁄2 what we call the media. In this book, historian Frï¿1⁄2dï¿1⁄2ric Barbier provides an important new economic, political and social analysis of the first great 'media revolution' in the West: Gutenbergï¿1⁄2s invention of the printing press in the mid fifteenth century. In great detail and with a wealth of historical evidence, Barbier charts the developments in manuscript culture in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, and shows how the steadily increasing need for written documents initiated the processes of change which culminated with Gutenberg. The fifteenth century is presented as the 'age of start-ups' when investment and research into technologies that were new at the time, including the printing press, flourished. Tracing the developments through the sixteenth century, Barbier analyses the principal features of this first media revolution: the growth of technology, the organization of the modern literary sector, the development of surveillance and censorship and the invention of the process of 'mediatization'. He offers a rich variety of examples from cities all over Europe, as well as looking at the evolution of print media in China and Korea. This insightful re-interpretation of the Gutenberg revolution also looks beyond the specific historical context to draw connections between the advent of print in the Rhine Valley (ï¿1⁄2paper valleyï¿1⁄2) and our own modern digital revolution. It will be of great interest to students and scholars of early modern history, of literature and the media, and will appeal to anyone interested in what remains one of the greatest cultural revolutions of all time.
L'invention des continents
Author: Christian Grataloup
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 224
Year: 2009
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Pourquoi, lorsque nous cherchons à nous orienter, les boussoles indiquent-elles la direction du Nord ? Qui a découvert l'Océanie ? Combien y a-t-il de continents ? Cinq, comme le pensent les Français, ou six, comme le croient les Anglais ?La Turquie fait-elle partie de l'Europe ? S'il y a bien une chose qui semble aller de soi, c'est notre traditionnelle représentation du monde. Le schéma semble simple : les continents seraient de très grandes îles, donc un fait de nature. Et pourtant, ce découpage a une histoire, il s'est imposé peu à peu, et a toujours été affaire de points de vue (ceux des explorateurs, ceux des géographes, ceux des commerçants ou des colonisateurs), nécessairement réducteurs dans leur classification : Je ne peux comprendre, écrivait Hérodote, pourquoi la terre qui est une a reçu trois noms, qui sont des noms de femmes... Des fascinantes mappemondes médiévales aux plafonds baroques, des allégories de la Renaissance aux sculptures impérialistes des chambres de commerce, c'est à un formidable voyage à travers notre vision de la planète, fragmentaire, contradictoire, contestable et sans cesse retouchée, que Christian Grataloup nous convie.
The Invention of Rare Books
Author: David McKitterick
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108428320
Pages: 462
Year: 2018-07-12
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Explores how the idea of rare books was shaped by collectors, traders and libraries from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries. Using examples from across Europe, David McKitterick looks at how rare books developed from being desirable objects of largely private interest to become public and even national concerns.
L'Europe Méditerranéenne
Author: Marta Petricioli
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9052013543
Pages: 365
Year: 2008
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L'Europe de la mediterranee, comparee aux autres regions europeennes, dispose d'une histoire et d'une geographie particulieres. Et pourtant elle entretient avec ces regions de nombreux rapports qu'il conviendra d'analyser afin d'enrichir notre comprehension de l'Europe dans son ensemble. Une longue tradition de rapports economiques et culturels rapproche tous les pays donnant sur la mer, berceau des principales civilisations du monde, bassin ou s'echangent hommes, idees, matieres premieres, et technologies. L'Union europeenne est appelee a developper une grande politique mediterraneenne, aussi bien par l'adhesion de nouveaux pays que par une politique de bon voisinage ou d'associations privilegiees. L'instrument principal devrait en etre une politique culturelle servant de pont entre l'Est et l'Ouest, le Nord et le Sud, politique commune afin de repandre les valeurs contenues dans le projet de constitution europeenne qui reconnait dans le concept de diversite son bien le plus precieux. Les pays de l'Europe mediterraneenne, avec leurs experiences et leurs savoirs, peuvent fournir a cette politique une contribution precieuse. Ce volume, fruit de la cooperation internationale de vingt chercheurs, apporte des eclairages sur l'Europe mediterraneenne non seulement dans des dimensions historiques, economiques, demographiques et politologiques, mais egalement dans le domaine des relations internationales et de la politique culturelle. The geography and the history of Mediterranean Europe are very different from those of the other European regions, but their role in the relationships with the other shores of the Mediterranean can be of great assistance to Europe as a whole. All the countries bordering the sea that witnessed the birth of some of the major civilisations of the world share a long tradition of economic and cultural relations. In the past numerous diasporas knit the harbour cities together, transmitting the ideas of the Enlightenment; today an uninterrupted flow of raw materials traverses the Mediterranean, together with people, ideas and technology. The European Union is called upon to develop a major Mediterranean policy, both through the accession of new countries, and by means of a policy of neighbourhood or of privileged associations. The principal tool should be a cultural policy that serves as a bridge between east and west, north and south. A common policy to spread the values contained in the project of the European constitution. In its motto -United in diversity-, the Union recognises diversity as its most valuable asset. The countries of Mediterranean Europe, with their experience and their knowledge, can make a precious contribution to this policy. This book, the fruit of international co-operation among 20 researchers, offers a contribution to the study of Mediterranean Europe not only in the historic, economic, demographic and politological ambit, but also in the sphere of international relations and cultural policy."
L' Europe en réseaux
Author: Frédéric Barbier
Publisher: Leipziger Universitätsverlag
ISBN: 9632005503
Pages: 237
Year: 2008
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Développement Inégal de L'Europe
Author: Jean Batou, Thomas David
Publisher: Librairie Droz
ISBN: 2600002979
Pages: 469
Year: 1998
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Democratizing Europe
Author: A. Vauchez, Lucy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137540915
Pages: 92
Year: 2016-02-09
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Drawing from recent streams of scholarship, Democratizing Europe provides a renewed portrait of EU government that point at the enduring leading role of independent powers (the European Court, Commission and Central Bank). Vauchez suggests that we recognize this centrality and adjust our democratization strategies accordingly.
Penser l'Europe par le droit
Author: Julie Bailleux
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 595
Year: 2012
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La thèse porte sur l'invention, en France, du droit communautaire comme discipline académique et rend compte des conditions sociales et historiques de construction d'une doctrine communautariste française c'est-à-dire, tout à la fois, d'un corps de connaissances juridiques spécialisées sur l'Europe communautaire et de la communauté des spécialistes qui l'administrent à travers une analyse du travail des acteurs, diversement situés dans l'espace social, qui ont pris part à ce processus. La naissance du droit communautaire en France y est ainsi appréhendée comme le produit incertain, tâtonnant, d'un système de transactions entre ceux qui font autorité en matière de science juridique -les professeurs de droit - et les acteurs politiques (nationaux et européens) engagés dans la construction et la légitimation d'une Europe supranationale. Se présentant comme une analyse sociologique et historique de l'invention du langage ad hoc dans lequel se dit et se (re)construit aujourd'hui quotidiennement l'autonomie de l'ordre politique européen, ce travail peut être envisagé, à la fois, comme une contribution à l'analyse de la genèse et de l'institutionnalisation de l'Union européenne, mais également, et plus largement, à l'analyse du rôle du droit - ici du droit savant - dans la construction et la légitimation des ordres politiques.
The Strange Death of Europe
Author: Douglas Murray
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472964276
Pages: 384
Year: 2018-06-14
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The Strange Death of Europe is the internationally bestselling account of a continent and a culture caught in the act of suicide, now updated with new material taking in developments since it was first published to huge acclaim. These include rapid changes in the dynamics of global politics, world leadership and terror attacks across Europe. Douglas Murray travels across Europe to examine first-hand how mass immigration, cultivated self-distrust and delusion have contributed to a continent in the grips of its own demise. From the shores of Lampedusa to migrant camps in Greece, from Cologne to London, he looks critically at the factors that have come together to make Europeans unable to argue for themselves and incapable of resisting their alteration as a society. Murray's "tremendous and shattering" book (The Times) addresses the disappointing failures of multiculturalism, Angela Merkel's U-turn on migration, the lack of repatriation and the Western fixation on guilt, uncovering the malaise at the very heart of the European culture. His conclusion is bleak, but the predictions not irrevocable. As Murray argues, this may be our last chance to change the outcome, before it's too late.
The Invention of Hugo Cabret
Author: Brian Selznick
Publisher: Scholastic
ISBN: 1407166573
Pages: 534
Year: 2015-09-03
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ORPHAN, CLOCK KEEPER, AND THIEF, twelve-year-old Hugo lives in the walls of a busy Paris train station, where his survival depends on secrets and anonymity. But when his world suddenly interlocks with an eccentric girl and her grandfather, Hugo's undercover life, and his most precious secret, are put in jeopardy. A cryptic drawing, a treasured notebook, a stolen key, a mechanical man, and a hidden message from Hugo's dead father form the backbone of this intricate, tender, and spellbinding mystery.
L’idée de l’Europe
Author: Rotraud von Kulessa, Catriona Seth
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
ISBN: 1783743468
Pages: 174
Year: 2017-05-01
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Face aux défis – entre autres politiques – auxquels sont confrontés différents pays européens, les chercheurs dix-huitiémistes ont souhaité revenir sur des expressions anciennes de valeurs partagées et les interrogations passées sur des questions qui restent souvent d’actualité. Au Siècle des Lumières, nombre d’hommes et de femmes de lettres ont envisagé l’avenir du continent en particulier pour entériner leur souhait de garantir la paix en Europe. Les textes, réunis dans cette anthologie, et signés des grands écrivains du temps (Rousseau, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Kant, Hume ou encore Staël), comme d’oubliés de l’histoire, présentent, avec quelques excursus chronologiques (de Sully à Hugo) les réflexions de penseurs d’un dix-huitième siècle aux bornes chronologiques étendues – l’émergence et la chute de l’Empire engendrent des bouleversements nombreux –, sur l’Europe, son histoire, sa diversité, mais aussi sur ce qu’ont en commun les nations qui composent, dans leur variété, un ensemble géographique. Ils mettent en évidence les origines historiques d’un projet d’union européenne, le souhait de consolider les liens du continent avec le Maghreb ou la Turquie, l’importance accordée au commerce et les inquiétudes suscitées par les sursauts de l’histoire, mais aussi l’espoir placé dans les générations futures. La Société française d’étude du XVIIIe siècle, l’Université d’Augsburg, l’Université d’Oxford ont généreusement contribué à la publication de ce volume. In view of the challenges—many of which are political—that different European countries are currently facing, scholars who work on the 18th century have compiled this anthology which includes earlier recognitions of common values and past considerations of questions which often remain pertinent nowadays. During the Enlightenment, many men and women of letters envisaged the continent’s future in particular when stressing their hope that peace could be secured in Europe. The texts gathered here, and signed by major thinkers of the time (Rousseau, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Kant, Hume or Staël for instance), as well as by writers history has forgotten, present the reflections, with a couple of chronological extensions (from Sully to Victor Hugo) of authors from the long eighteenth century—the French Empire and the fall of Napoleon generated numerous upheavals—on Europe, its history, its diversity, but also on what the nations, which, in all their diversity, make up a geographical unit, have in common. They show the historical origins of the project of a European union, the desire to consolidate the continent’s ties to the Maghreb or to Turkey, the importance granted to commerce and the worries engendered by history’s convulsions, but also the hope vested in future generations. The Société française d’étude du XVIIIe siècle, Augsburg University and the University of Oxford have generously contributed towards the publication of this volume.
Traité des plus belles bibliothèques de l'Europe
Author: Pierre Le Gallois
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 240
Year: 1685
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The Invention of Religion in Japan
Author: Jason Ananda Josephson
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226412350
Pages: 404
Year: 2012-10-03
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Throughout its long history, Japan had no concept of what we call “religion.” There was no corresponding Japanese word, nor anything close to its meaning. But when American warships appeared off the coast of Japan in 1853 and forced the Japanese government to sign treaties demanding, among other things, freedom of religion, the country had to contend with this Western idea. In this book, Jason Ananda Josephson reveals how Japanese officials invented religion in Japan and traces the sweeping intellectual, legal, and cultural changes that followed. More than a tale of oppression or hegemony, Josephson’s account demonstrates that the process of articulating religion offered the Japanese state a valuable opportunity. In addition to carving out space for belief in Christianity and certain forms of Buddhism, Japanese officials excluded Shinto from the category. Instead, they enshrined it as a national ideology while relegating the popular practices of indigenous shamans and female mediums to the category of “superstitions”—and thus beyond the sphere of tolerance. Josephson argues that the invention of religion in Japan was a politically charged, boundary-drawing exercise that not only extensively reclassified the inherited materials of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Shinto to lasting effect, but also reshaped, in subtle but significant ways, our own formulation of the concept of religion today. This ambitious and wide-ranging book contributes an important perspective to broader debates on the nature of religion, the secular, science, and superstition.
The Invention of Nature
Author: Andrea Wulf
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0345806298
Pages: 473
Year: 2015
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A portrait of the German naturalist reveals his ongoing influence on humanity's relationship with the natural world today, discussing such topics as his views on climate change, conservation, and nature as a resource for all life.
L'invention du peuple
Author: Claude Karnoouh
Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan
ISBN: 2296058590
Pages: 408
Year: 2008
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L'invention du peuple est la réédition actualisée et augmentée d'un essai où l'auteur tente d'analyser des pratiques politico-culturelles ayant servi depuis plus de deux siècles en Roumanie à construire une entité sociopolitique moderne : l'Etat-nation du peuple-ethnie. Il s'agit d'une méditation sur l'advenue du moderne en des zones archaïques de l'Europe et sur le rôle ambigu qu'y joua pendant 40 ans le pouvoir communiste pour l'acheminer.