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Les origines culturelles de la Révolution française
Author: Roger Chartier
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 304
Year: 2000
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Les révolutions ont-elles des origines culturelles ? Ce livre en forme d'essai, tout en reconnaissant la dynamique propre de l'événement, s'attache à identifier les innovations et les ruptures qui l'ont rendu possible. Ce qu'il s'agit, avant tout, de comprendre, est le double paradoxe de la Révolution qui connaît le surgissement d'une violence multiple au sein d'une société pourtant largement pacifiée et qui achève un siècle soucieux des plaisirs et des devoirs de l'existence privée par un extraordinaire investissement dans la chose publique.
The Cultural Origins of the French Revolution
Author: Roger Chartier
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 082237384X
Pages: 260
Year: 2015-12-11
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Reknowned historian Roger Chartier, one of the most brilliant and productive of the younger generation of French writers and scholars now at work refashioning the Annales tradition, attempts in this book to analyze the causes of the French revolution not simply by investigating its “cultural origins” but by pinpointing the conditions that “made is possible because conceivable.” Chartier has set himself two important tasks. First, while acknowledging the seminal contribution of Daniel Mornet’s Les origens intellectuelles de la Révolution française (1935), he synthesizes the half-century of scholarship that has created a sociology of culture for Revolutionary France, from education reform through widely circulated printed literature to popular expectations of government and society. Chartier goes beyond Mornet’s work, not be revising that classic text but by raising questions that would not have occurred to its author. Chartier’s second contribution is to reexamine the conventional wisdom that there is a necessary link between the profound cultural transformation of the eighteenth century (generally characterized as the Enlightenment) and the abrupt Revolutionary rupture of 1789. The Cultural Origins of the French Revolution is a major work by one of the leading scholars in the field and is likely to set the intellectual agenda for future work on the subject.
On the Edge of the Cliff
Author: Roger Chartier
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 0801854369
Pages: 191
Year: 1997
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Throughout, Chartier keeps his focus on historians who have stressed the relations between the products of discourse and social practices.
Interpreting the French Revolution
Author: François Furet
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521280494
Pages: 204
Year: 1981-09-24
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The French Revolution is an historical event unlike any other. It is more than just a topic of intellectual interest: it has become part of a moral and political heritage. But after two centuries, this central event in French history has usually been thought of in much the same terms as it was by its contemporaries. There have been many accounts of the French Revolution, and though their opinions differ, they have often been commemorative or anniversary interpretations of the original event. The dividing line of revolutionary historiography, in intellectual terms, is therefore not between the right and the left, but between commemorative and conceptual history, as exemplified respectively in the works of Michelet and Tocquevifle. In this book, François Furet analyses how an event like the French Revolution can be conceptualised, and identifies the radically new changes the Revolution produced as well as the continuity it provided, albeit under the appearance of change. This question has become a riddle for the European left, answered neither by Marx nor by the theorists of our own century. In his analysis of the tragic relevance of the Revolution, Furet both refers to contemporary experience and discusses various elements in the work of Alexis de Tocclueville and that of Augustin Cochin, which has never been systematically applied by historians of the Revolution. Furet's book is based on the complementary ideas of these two writers in an attempt to cut through the apparent and misleading clarity of various contradictory views of the Revolution, and to help decipher some of the enigmatic problems of revolutionary ideology. It will be of value to historians of modern Europe and their students; to political, social and economic historians; to sociologists; and to students of political thought.
The Illusion of Cultural Identity
Author: Jean-François Bayart
Publisher: C. HURST & CO. PUBLISHERS
ISBN: 1850656606
Pages: 303
Year: 2005
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Does the West impose its own definition of human rights and democracy on the rest of the world? Does globalization threaten British, French or other European iedntities? Is African culture compatible with multi-party politics? This text aims to answer these and other questions.
Les origines religieuses de la Révolution française
Author: Dale K. Van Kley
Publisher:
ISBN: 2020855097
Pages: 572
Year: 2006
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Après l'examen des origines intellectuelles et culturelles de la période révolutionnaire, il restait à reprendre le dossier complexe de ses origines religieuses. Tâche à laquelle s'est attelé Dale K. Van Kley dans ce livre désormais devenu un classique. La Révolution puise en effet dans la religion son exigence de réforme et son lexique de la contestation. Tout commence par les guerres de religion et leur critique du pouvoir monarchique et de la Religion royale. Tout s'enflamme à nouveau avec les jansénistes du XVIIIe siècle, dont la doctrine est condamnée par la bulle Unigenitus. La nouvelle théologie politique qui se dessine alors rencontre stratégiquement les efforts des " philosophes " pour repenser radicalement les fondements de la souveraineté : 1789 a ainsi hérité des transformations profondes opérées au sein du christianisme moderne. La question qui se pose est de savoir comment une révolution aux origines si " religieuses " a pu faire preuve d'une telle violence envers la religion.
Historicising the French Revolution
Author: Carolina Armenteros, Tim Blanning, Isabel DiVanna, Dawn Dodds
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443811572
Pages: 345
Year: 2009-05-27
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Three decades ago, François Furet famously announced that the French Revolution was over. Napoleon's armies ceased to march around Europe long ago, and Louis XVIII even returned to occupy the throne of his guillotined brother. And yet the Revolution’s memory continues to hold sway over imaginations and cultures around the world. This sway is felt particularly strongly by those who are interested in history: for the French Revolution not only altered the course of history radically, but became the fountainhead of historicism and the origin of the historical mentality. The sixteen essays collected in this volume investigate the Revolution’s intellectual and material legacies. From popular culture to education and politics, from France and Ireland to Poland and Turkey, from 1789 to the present day, leading historians expose, alongside graduate students, the myriad ways in which the Revolution changed humanity’s possible futures, its history, and the idea of history. They attest to how the Revolution has had a continuing global significance, and is still shaping the world today.
Footsteps of 'Liberty and Revolt'
Author: Mary-Ann Constantine, Dafydd R. Johnston
Publisher: University of Wales Press
ISBN: 0708325912
Pages: 352
Year: 2013-04-15
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A collection of essays exploring the impact on Welsh culture of one of the most exciting periods in history, the decades surrounding the French Revolution of 1789.
“Footsteps of Liberty & Revolt”
Author: Mary Ann Constantine, Dafydd Johnston
Publisher: University of Wales Press
ISBN: 1783160438
Pages:
Year: 2013-04-01
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The late eighteenth century was one of the most exciting and unsettling periods in European history, with the shock-waves of the French Revolution rippling around the world. As this collection of essays by leading scholars shows, Wales was no exception. From political pamphlets to a Denbighshire folk-play, from bardic poetry to the remodelling of the Welsh landscape itself, responses to the revolutionary ferment of ideas took many forms. We see how Welsh poets and preachers negotiated complex London–Wales networks of patronage and even more complex issues of national and cultural loyalty; and how the landscape itself is reimagined in fiction, remodelled à la Rousseau, while it rapidly emptied as impoverished farming families emigrated to the New World. Drawing on a wealth of vibrant material in both Welsh and English, much of it unpublished, this collection marks another important contribution to ‘four nations’ criticism, and offers new insights into the tensions and flashpoints of Romantic-period Wales.
La Révolution française
Author: Michel Biard, Pascal Dupuy
Publisher: Armand Colin
ISBN: 2200256558
Pages: 352
Year: 2008-08-27
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La force de ce livre est de présenter la Révolution française comme un processus long et cohérent ouvert par la crise de l'Ancien Régime et clos par l'avènement de l'Empire. L’ouvrage est ordonné selon un plan qui, tout en respectant le récit chronologique, insiste sur les aspects thématiques : la Révolution est saisie comme une rupture politique majeure, fondamentale pour la construction de la démocratie en France ; d’autre part, elle est replacée dans son environnement international et révèle ses singularités et ses influences. Cette nouvelle édition corrigée est augmentée d'aperçus chronologiques éclairants.
La Révolution française - 3e éd.
Author: Michel Biard, Pascal Dupuy
Publisher: Armand Colin
ISBN: 2200614357
Pages: 360
Year: 2016-03-09
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La Révolution française est ici revisitée à la lumière des recherches qui ont vu le jour depuis la célébration du Bicentenaire. L’ouvrage est ordonné selon un plan qui, tout en respectant le récit chronologique, insiste sur des aspects thématiques. Deux approches ont été privilégiées, sans pour autant que les autres soient négligées : d’une part, la Révolution est saisie comme une rupture politique majeure, fondamentale pour la construction de la démocratie en France ; d’autre part, elle est replacée dans son environnement international et le lecteur pourra en distinguer à la fois les singularités et les influences dans ce monde de la fin du XVIIIe siècle. Divisé en quatorze chapitres, l’ouvrage, outil de travail pour tous ceux qui s’intéressent à cette période, comporte un riche tableau chronologique et de très nombreuses références bibliographiques, notamment de livres publiés à l’étranger.
Priests of the French Revolution
Author: Joseph F. Byrnes
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271064900
Pages: 344
Year: 2014-08-29
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The 115,000 priests on French territory in 1789 belonged to an evolving tradition of priesthood. The challenge of making sense of the Christian tradition can be formidable in any era, but this was especially true for those priests required at the very beginning of 1791 to take an oath of loyalty to the new government—and thereby accept the religious reforms promoted in a new Civil Constitution of the Clergy. More than half did so at the beginning, and those who were subsequently consecrated bishops became the new official hierarchy of France. In Priests of the French Revolution, Joseph Byrnes shows how these priests and bishops who embraced the Revolution creatively followed or destructively rejected traditional versions of priestly ministry. Their writings, public testimony, and recorded private confidences furnish the story of a national Catholic church. This is a history of the religious attitudes and psychological experiences underpinning the behavior of representative bishops and priests. Byrnes plays individual ideologies against group action, and religious teachings against political action, to produce a balanced story of saints and renegades within a Catholic tradition.
The Cultural Origins of the French Revolution
Author: Roger Chartier
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822309939
Pages: 238
Year: 1991
View: 1328
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Reknowned historian Roger Chartier, one of the most brilliant and productive of the younger generation of French writers and scholars now at work refashioning the Annales tradition, attempts in this book to analyze the causes of the French revolution not simply by investigating its “cultural origins” but by pinpointing the conditions that “made is possible because conceivable.” Chartier has set himself two important tasks. First, while acknowledging the seminal contribution of Daniel Mornet’s Les origens intellectuelles de la Révolution française (1935), he synthesizes the half-century of scholarship that has created a sociology of culture for Revolutionary France, from education reform through widely circulated printed literature to popular expectations of government and society. Chartier goes beyond Mornet’s work, not be revising that classic text but by raising questions that would not have occurred to its author. Chartier’s second contribution is to reexamine the conventional wisdom that there is a necessary link between the profound cultural transformation of the eighteenth century (generally characterized as the Enlightenment) and the abrupt Revolutionary rupture of 1789. The Cultural Origins of the French Revolution is a major work by one of the leading scholars in the field and is likely to set the intellectual agenda for future work on the subject.
Napoleon
Author: Munro Price
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199380694
Pages: 344
Year: 2014-08-04
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On April 20, 1814, after a dizzying series of battles, campaigns, and diplomatic intrigues, a defeated Napoleon Bonaparte made his farewell speech to the Old Guard in the courtyard of the Chateau de Fontainebleau and set off for exile on the island of Elba. Napoleonic legend asserts that the Emperor was brought down by foreign powers determined to destroy him and discredit his achievements, with the aid of highly placed domestic traitors. Others argue that once Napoleon's military defeats began in 1812, his fall became inevitable. But in fact, as Munro Price shows in this brilliant new book, Napoleon's fall could have been avoided altogether. Exploring a critical and often neglected period of Napoleonic history between 1812 and 1814, Napoleon: The End of Glory offers a more complete picture of the Emperor's decline and fall than any previous work. Price analyzes the political, military, and diplomatic events of the period, from Napoleon's disastrous invasion of Russia in 1812 to the multiple failed attempts by Austria to broker peace. He illuminates the dynamic relationships between Napoleon and the wily Austrian foreign minister Metternich-whose desire for equilibrium within the European states system clashed with Napoleon's unshakeable belief in hegemony and subjection-and the charming and enigmatic Alexander I of Russia. And he explores the lasting impact of the bloody Terror of the French Revolution on Napoleon's decisions once he came to power. Rejecting the assumption that defeat was unavoidable, Price considers instead why Napoleon failed to explore a compromise peace that could have allowed him to keep his crown, arguing that the answer to this question has powerful implications for our understanding of the Napoleonic wars. Ultimately, Price provides a convincing portrait of the Emperor's decline, exposing his blindness, intransigence and miscalculations; his preference for war and his declining ability to wage it; and his nearly pathological fear of a dishonorable peace. A deeply researched study of the moment of a great man's fall, Napoleon: The End of Glory forces us to reconsider Napoleon's character, motives, and the reasons for his spectacular failure.
La plume et le sabre
Author: Michel Biard, Bernard Gainot
Publisher: Publications de la Sorbonne
ISBN: 2859444394
Pages: 552
Year: 2002-01-01
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Histoire d'une presse en Révolution, histoire militaire aux multiples facettes, histoire du Consulat et de l'Empire sont autant de thèmes chers à Jean-Paul Bertaud, tant dans ses activités d'inlassable chercheur que par son constant souci d'intégrer ses découvertes à son enseignement, qui a passionné des générations successives d'étudiants. D'un livre à l'autre, ses travaux nous ont donné à voir les réalités contrastées de l'entreprise de presse, les portraits de ceux qui prenaient la plume, intégrant les recherches en cours, en histoire politique comme en histoire culturelle, en histoire sociale comme en histoire militaire. Cette dernière, en profond renouvellement depuis trente ans, a vu Jean-Paul Bertaud engagé sur tous les fronts, du récit classique des batailles aux dimensions anthropologiques du combat et des combattants. Ce temps est certes celui de la Révolution française, mais peut-être surtout celui du Consulat et de l'Empire, dont Jean-Paul Bertaud est devenu l'un des spécialistes reconnus. Jeunes historiens s'inscrivant dans son sillage, auteurs plus chevronnés qui ont souvent été ses compagnons de recherche, chercheurs étrangers qui témoignent du rayonnement international de ses travaux, tous, avec le présent ouvrage, ont voulu rendre hommage au chercheur, à l'enseignant, à l'homme enfin. Les nombreuses contributions ici rassemblées apportent de multiples éclairages sur la presse de la fin de l'Ancien Régime au premières décennies du XIXe siècle, sur les diverses manières d'aborder l'histoire militaire, sur les acteurs historiques et les espaces européens à l'époque du Consulat et de l'Empire. Cet ouvrage a bénéficié du soutien financier de la Société des études robespierristes et de l'Institut d'histoire de la Révolution française.