Le Choix De La Defaite Les Elites Francaises Dans Les Annees 1930 Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Le choix de la défaite
Author: Annie Lacroix-Riz
Publisher: Armand Colin
ISBN: 2200256221
Pages: 688
Year: 2010-01-13
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Quelles sont les causes de la Défaite de 1940 ? Le grand historien Marc Bloch écrivait en avril 1944 : « Le jour viendra [...] et peut-être bientôt où il sera possible de faire la lumière sur les intrigues menées chez nous de 1933 à 1939 en faveur de l’Axe Rome-Berlin pour lui livrer la domination de l’Europe en détruisant de nos propres mains tout l’édifice de nos alliances et de nos amitiés. » Annie Lacroix-Riz analyse l’histoire des années 1930 pour éclairer les causes de la défaite de 1940. Selon elle, les Français n’ont pas été simplement vaincus en cinq jours par une Wehrmacht invincible ; le haut patronat les a sacrifiés à son plan de « réforme de l’État » copié sur les voisins fascistes et à son obsession d’accord avec le Reich. Cette affirmation incroyable paraît moins audacieuse à la lecture des archives, françaises et étrangères, relatives à une décennie d’actions des élites : militaires ; politiciens ; journalistes ; hommes d’affaires surtout, qui régnaient sur tous les autres, avec à leur tête la Banque de France et le Comité des Forges. L’autonomie des politiciens ou des journalistes relève ainsi du mythe, celle des militaires aussi. C’est bien la France des grands intérêts économiques et financiers qui dicta le choix de l’Allemagne comme partenaire privilégié dès les années 1920 et sabota l’alliance russe de revers qui avait évité la défaite en 1914. Aujourd'hui, l’accès aux archives éclaire les causes intérieures et extérieures de la Défaite et permet « l’instruction du procès de la vaste entreprise de trahison » que réclamait Marc Bloch. La présente édition de l’ouvrage a été systématiquement revue et complétée à la lumière des nombreux fonds d’archives, ouvrages et articles consultés depuis 2006.
Transatlantic Antifascisms
Author: Michael Seidman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108417787
Pages:
Year: 2017-11-30
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The first comprehensive scholarly account of antifascism, analysing its development in Spain, France, Britain and the USA.
Catholicism and Fascism in Europe 1918 - 1945
Author: Jan Nelis, Anne Morelli, Danny Praet
Publisher: Georg Olms Verlag
ISBN: 3487152436
Pages: 418
Year: 2015-05-01
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Die im vorliegenden Band versammelten Aufsätze analysieren die vielfältige Art und Weise, wie der Vatikan, die nationalen Kirchen und einzelne Katholiken mit dem Aufstieg der extremen Rechten in Europa während der 1920er, 1930er und frühen 1940er Jahre umgingen, vom Ende des Ersten Weltkriegs, der mit Recht als einer der wichtigsten Katalysatoren des europäischen Faschismus in der Zwischenkriegszeit gilt, bis zum Schluss und zu den unmittelbaren Nachwirkungen des Zweiten Weltkriegs. Während einige Aufsätze sich auf theoretische, methodologische Probleme konzentrieren, beschäftigen sich die meisten Beiträge mit jeweils einem Land oder einer Region, wo eine faschistische Bewegung oder ein solches Regime zwischen den Kriegen und während des Zweiten Weltkriegs erfolgreich war, und wo es gleichzeitig eine signifikante katholische Präsenz in der Gesellschaft gab. Fast ganz Europa wird behandelt – ein beispielloses Unternehmen - , und eine große Zahl wichtiger Kontexte und Methoden wird untersucht. So wirken die Beiträge mit an der allgemeinen Entwicklung eines interpretativen ‚Cluster‘-Modells, das eine Reihe von Grundmustern der Forschung vereinigt und zukünftige Untersuchungen anregen wird. The papers presented in this volume analyse the many ways in which the Vatican, national Churches and individual catholics dealt with the rise of the extreme right in Europe throughout the 1920s, 1930s and early 1940s, from the end of the First World War, arguably one of the main catalysts of European interwar fascism, to the conclusion and immediate aftermath of the Second World War. While a number of papers focus primarily on theoretical, methodological issues pertaining to the book’s general theme, the majority of papers focus on either a country or region where a fascist movement or regime flourished between the wars and during the Second World War, and where there was a significant catholic presence in society. The various chapters cover almost the entire European continent – an endeavour that is unprecedented –, and they explore a wide range of relevant contexts and methodologies, thus further contributing to the general development of an interpretive ‘cluster’ model that incorporates a series of investigative matrixes, and that will hopefully inspire future research.
Public Opinion and the End of Appeasement in Britain and France
Author: Daniel Hucker
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409406253
Pages: 295
Year: 2011-01-01
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The 1930s policy of appeasement is still fiercely debated more than 70 years after the signing of the 1938 Munich Agreement. Less examined is the role of public opinion on the formation of British and French policy in the period between Munich and World War II. Public Opinion and the End of Appeasement in Britain and France is essential reading for scholars of the origins of World War II.
Les philosophes des Lumières dans la France des années noires
Author: Pascale Pellerin
Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan
ISBN: 2296242618
Pages: 334
Year: 2009-12-01
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Cet essai ouvre une problématique nouvelle peu abordée par les historiens et les critiques littéraires, celle de la réception des textes des Lumières durant l'occupation nazie. Dans un contexte de rupture historique violente, les intellectuels vont s'appuyer sur les écrivains des Lumières pour dénoncer la Collaboration ou au contraire soutenir son bien-fondé.
The Great Class War 1914-1918
Author: Jacques R. Pauwels
Publisher: James Lorimer & Company
ISBN: 1459411072
Pages: 560
Year: 2016-04-06
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Historian Jacques Pauwels applies a critical, revisionist lens to the First World War, offering readers a fresh interpretation that challenges mainstream thinking. As Pauwels sees it, war offered benefits to everyone, across class and national borders. For European statesmen, a large-scale war could give their countries new colonial territories, important to growing capitalist economies. For the wealthy and ruling classes, war served as an antidote to social revolution, encouraging workers to exchange socialism's focus on international solidarity for nationalism's intense militarism. And for the working classes themselves, war provided an outlet for years of systemic militarization -- quite simply, they were hardwired to pick up arms, and to do so eagerly. To Pauwels, the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in June 1914 -- traditionally upheld by historians as the spark that lit the powder keg -- was not a sufficient cause for war but rather a pretext seized upon by European powers to unleash the kind of war they had desired. But what Europe's elite did not expect or predict was some of the war's outcomes: social revolution and Communist Party rule in Russia, plus a wave of political and social democratic reforms in Western Europe that would have far-reaching consequences. Reflecting his broad research in the voluminous recent literature about the First World War by historians in the leading countries involved in the conflict, Jacques Pauwels has produced an account that challenges readers to rethink their understanding of this key event of twentieth century world history.
De la mobilisation à la victoire (1939-1946)
Author: Jean-Paul AUTANT
Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan
ISBN: 2296490719
Pages: 402
Year: 2012-05-01
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L'auteur livre ici l'histoire de son père, Marcel Autant. Appelé au service militaire à la fin de l'été 1939, il combat à Stonne en mai 1940, s'engage dans l'armée d'armistice jusqu'à sa dissolution, est déporté au STO puis membre de la Résistance après son évasion. Son engagement lui permettra d'approcher d'éminents personnages tels de Lattre, Salan ou Béthouart.
The Myth of the Good War
Author: Jacques R. Pauwels
Publisher: James Lorimer & Company
ISBN: 145940873X
Pages: 328
Year: 2015-03-06
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In the spirit of historians Howard Zinn, Gwynne Dyer, and Noam Chomsky, Jacques Pauwels focuses on the big picture. Like them, he seeks to find the real reasons for the actions of great powers and great leaders. Familiar Second World War figures from Adolf Hitler to Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin are portrayed in a new light in this book. The decisions of Hitler and his Nazi government to go to war were not those of madmen. Britain and the US were not allies fighting shoulder to shoulder with no motive except ridding the world of the evils of Nazism. In Pauwels' account, the actions of the United States during the war years were heavily influenced by American corporations -- IBM, GM, Ford, ITT, and Standard Oil of New Jersey (now called Exxon) -- who were having a very profitable war selling oil, armaments, and equipment to both sides, with money gushing everywhere. Rather than analyzing Pearl Harbor as an unprovoked attack, Pauwels notes that US generals boasted of their success in goading Japan into a war the Americans badly wanted. One chilling account describes why President Truman insisted on using nuclear bombs against Japan when there was no military need to do so. Another reveals that Churchill instructed his bombers to flatten Dresden and kill thousands when the war was already won, to demonstrate British-American strength to Stalin. Leaders usually cast in a heroic mould in other books about this war look quite different here. Nations that claimed a higher purpose in going to war are shown to have had far less idealistic motives. The Second World War, as Jacques Pauwels tells it, was a good war only in myth. The reality is far messier -- and far more revealing of the evils that come from conflicts between great powers and great leaders seeking to enrich their countries and dominate the world.
L'impardonnable défaite : 1918-1940
Author: Claude Quétel
Publisher: JC Lattès
ISBN: 2709634805
Pages: 450
Year: 2010-01-13
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Le 22 juin 1940, la France signe une reddition déshonorante. C’est la pire catastrophe qu’ait connue ce pays pourtant riche en guerres et en malheurs depuis sa naissance. Comment et surtout pourquoi un tel désastre a-t-il été possible ? Une production historique considérable a été consacrée à ce sombre moment de notre histoire. Elle fait toujours état d’une sorte de fatalité, due à la démographie, aux circonstances, au destin. La tendance historiographique irait vers « l’inévitable » voire « l’excusable » défaite. Et pourtant, que d’erreurs, et que de responsables ! L’armée, la classe politique, les élites ont toutes joué la carte de la passivité et multiplié les erreurs stratégique et économiques. Tissant l’histoire officielle et des archives inédites dans un récit vivant et audacieux, L’Impardonnable défaite est une remarquable enquête historique et humaine. « Pour que le mal triomphe, il suffit que les hommes de bien ne fassent rien. » Cette phrase du philosophe Edmund Burke s’appliquerait parfaitement à la défaite française de 1940 si le constat n’était pas plus terrible encore : le mal a triomphé non seulement à cause de la passivité, mais surtout à cause des erreurs de la classe politique française. Telle est la thèse, polémique, courageuse et argumentée, de ce livre.
Étrangers et sociétés
Author: Pilar González-Bernaldo, Manuela Martini, Marie-Louise Pelus
Publisher:
ISBN: 2753507260
Pages: 482
Year: 2008
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The New Minority
Author: Justin Gest
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190632569
Pages: 272
Year: 2016-09-01
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It wasn't so long ago that the white working class occupied the middle of British and American societies. But today members of the same demographic, feeling silenced and ignored by mainstream parties, have moved to the political margins. In the United States and the United Kingdom, economic disenfranchisement, nativist sentiments and fear of the unknown among this group have even inspired the creation of new right-wing parties and resulted in a remarkable level of support for fringe political candidates, most notably Donald Trump. Answers to the question of how to rebuild centrist coalitions in both the U.S. and U.K. have become increasingly elusive. How did a group of people synonymous with Middle Britain and Middle America drift to the ends of the political spectrum? What drives their emerging radicalism? And what could possibly lead a group with such enduring numerical power to, in many instances, consider themselves a "minority" in the countries they once defined? In The New Minority, Justin Gest speaks to people living in once thriving working class cities--Youngstown, Ohio and Dagenham, England--to arrive at a nuanced understanding of their political attitudes and behaviors. In this daring and compelling book, he makes the case that tension between the vestiges of white working class power and its perceived loss have produced the unique phenomenon of white working class radicalization.
Livres de France
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Year: 2010-01
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Includes, 1982-1995: Les Livres du mois, also published separately.
Livres hebdo
Author:
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Year: 2010-01
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Before the Revisionist Controversy (RLE Marxism)
Author: H. Kendall Rogers
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317482514
Pages: 498
Year: 2015-04-24
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In this book, first published in 1992, the author examines the polemic fought by German Social-Democratic Party leaders and intellectuals Karl Kautsky and Eduard Bernstein against what they perceived to be misunderstandings of Marxism propagated by members of the Social-Democratic Federation (SDF) in England and by the socialist leader Wilhelm Liebknecht in Germany. The debate raised basic questions of socialist theory, including whether the program of Marx and Engels called for scholarly study, parliamentary democracy, and gradual social evolution, or for Utopian speculation, economic collapse, and violent rebellion.
Big Business and Hitler
Author: Jacques R. Pauwels
Publisher: James Lorimer & Company
ISBN: 1459409760
Pages: 304
Year: 2017-11-15
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For big business in Germany and around the world, Hitler and his National Socialist party were good news. Business was bad in the 1930s, and for multinational corporations Germany was a bright spot in a world suffering from the Great Depression. As Jacques R. Pauwels explains in this book, corporations were delighted with the profits that came from re-arming Germany, and then supplying both sides of the Second World War. Recent historical research in Germany has laid bare the links between Hitler's regime and big German firms. Scholars have now also documented the role of American firms — General Motors, IBM, Standard Oil, Ford, and many others — whose German subsidiaries eagerly sold equipment, weapons, and fuel needed for the German war machine. A key roadblock to America's late entry into the Second World War was behind-the-scenes pressure from US corporations seeking to protect their profitable business selling to both sides. Basing his work on the recent findings of scholars in many European countries and the US, Pauwels explains how Hitler gained and held the support of powerful business interests who found the well-liked oneparty fascist government, ready and willing to protect the property and profits of big business. He documents the role of the many multinationals in business today who supported Hitler and gained from the Nazi government's horrendous measures.