Larabie Saoudite Ce Pays Meconnu Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

L'Arabie saoudite, ce pays méconnu
Author: Sihem Souid
Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan
ISBN: 2140005341
Pages: 110
Year: 2016-04-01
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Depuis les attentats du 13 novembre 2015, des voix accusent régulièrement l'Arabie saoudite de financer le terrorisme. Ce pays est pour certains un bouc émissaire idéal. Pourtant, la réalité est loin d'être aussi manichéenne. L'auteure a enquêté auprès de Saoudiens pour tenter de répondre à ces questions : D'où viennent ces accusations de financement du terrorisme ? Quels sont leurs fondements ? Quel est le rapport du royaume au salafisme djihadiste ? Comment expliquer les positions et le rôle joué par l'Arabie saoudite dans la région ?
Géopolitique de l'Arabie saoudite
Author: David Rigoulet-Roze
Publisher: Armand Colin
ISBN: 2200356765
Pages: 312
Year: 2005-07-01
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L'Arabie saoudite reste au coeur de la vie internationale. Elle est cet « État sans nation » qui tient par sa fortune pétrolière et la force de la dynastie au pouvoir. Mais la longue fin de règne du roi Fahd a concentré tous les dangers : la tension avec l'Iran ; l'invasion du Koweït par l'Irak ; l'émergence d'Al Qaïda, organisation hyper-terroriste islamique, anti-occidentale et d'origine arabe ; l'invasion de l'Irak par les États-Unis. Les tensions internes s'accumulent : luttes de palais, essor du fondamentalisme sunnite contestataire, irruption du terrorisme islamique à intérieur. L'allié américain est devenu imprévisible. Sa présence massive en Irak est une menace potentielle, et à tout le moins la marque d'une défiance, depuis le grand basculement du 11 septembre 2001. L'Arabie saoudite tient les clés de questions qui la dépassent : l'approvisionnement pétrolier de nos économies industrielles, la garde des lieux saints de l'islam, l'équilibre stratégique au Proche-Orient. Selon les jeux de pouvoir, au gré des circonstances et suivant l'habilité des acteurs, quel sera son avenir ? La survie de la dynastie, au prix d'une répression des salafistes ? Ou son renversement ? À moins que le pays lui-même n'implose... David Rigoulet-Roze est enseignant et chercheur, ainsi que consultant en relations internationales, sur le Moyen-Orient, et spécialement l'Arabie saoudite. Auteur d'articles géopolitiques et historiques, il a aussi publié en 2001, Un géant ensablé : forces et faiblesses de l'Arabie saoudite.
The Saudi Enigma
Author: Pascal Ménoret
Publisher: Zed Books
ISBN: 1842776053
Pages: 257
Year: 2005-08-20
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'Finally, we have a book by someone who has a robust social science approach to what is a modern and fast-changing society, who has lived in, and thought a lot about, the country, who does not fall into conspiracy theory, who avoids the anti-Saudi banalities of the outside world as much as the pieties of the regime, who, in a word, tells us how the country actually works.' - Professor Fred Halliday, London School of Economics'A treasure-house of precise references and analyses, this book does not set out to provide simple answers, but to illustrate the great complexity of the country and to account for the deep changes it has gone through. Particularly enlightening on the current crisis and the official response to it since 2002.' - Sophie Pommier, Le Monde DiplomatiqueSaudi Arabia is a major piece on the world geopolitical chessboard. Despite the suspicion that has enveloped the country since September 11 2001, Saudi Arabia remains the key US ally in the Arab Middle East, a role secured by its continuing position as the world's largest oil exporter and its ever growing influence in the Muslim world. Yet the country is still very poorly understood. Western observers have rarely been able to penetrate this closed society and its opaque political system. Clich‚s about the role of oil wealth and fundamentalist Wahhabi Islam often serve to further mask the reality. The true complexity of Saudi society cannot be reduced to a mixture of poorly assimilated modernity and medieval Bedouin tradition. This volume illustrates the emerging autonomous - and Islamic - manifestations of Saudi national identity, fiercely reformist rather than medieval, complex and varied rather than merely a justification or support for the rule of the al-Saud royal family. Underlying M‚noret's account is a sophisticated economic history of the Saudi state, from the eighteenth century to the present day, which details all the alliances and manoeuvres that have brought the country and its rulers to their current precarious position.
Historiography in Saudi Arabia
Author: Jörg Matthias Determann
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857723022
Pages: 352
Year: 2013-10-25
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Saudi Arabia is generally and justifiably viewed as a country with the fewest democratic institutions and the weakest traditions of pluralism in the world. It is therefore surprising to learn that at least in one corner of the Saudi world, there is a plurality voices. Jörg Matthias Determann brings this element to light by analysing an important field of cultural activity in Saudi Arabia: historical writing. By exploring the emergence of a plurality of historical narratives in the absence of formal political pluralism, Determann seeks to paint a more nuanced picture of Saudi Arabia than has previously been drawn. Since the 1920s local, tribal, Shi‘i and dynastic histories have contributed to a growing plurality of narratives, diverging from and contesting the histories which focus on the royal family. Instead, they have emphasized the communities’ historical independence from the House of Saud or asserting the communities’ importance in Saudi national history. In addition to this, during the 1970s, distinct social and economic histories began to be developed, new narratives which have described important historical events evolving from wider social and economic factors rather than resulting from the actions of individual rulers or communities. Paradoxically, this happened because of the expansion of the Saudi state, including state-provision of mass education. A variety of previously illiterate and relatively poor sections of Saudi society, including former Bedouin, were thus empowered to produce histories which, while conformist for the most part, also provided a vehicle for dissenting voices. Furthermore, Determann argues that this proliferation of alternative histories is also due to globalizing processes, such as the spread of the internet. It is through this phenomenon that narrative plurality has been facilitated, by putting Saudi historians in contact with different ideologies, methodologies and source material from abroad. In challenging the widely-held perception of Saudi Arabia as an irredeemably closed and monolithic society, Historiography in Saudi Arabia provides a deeper understanding of modern Arab historiography, the Saudi state, and education and scholarship in the Middle East.
A Society of Young Women
Author: Amelie Le Renard
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804791376
Pages: 224
Year: 2014-06-25
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The cities of Saudi Arabia are among the most gender segregated in the world. In recent years the Saudi government has felt increasing international pressure to offer greater roles for women in society. Implicit in these calls for reform, however, is an assumption that the only "real" society is male society. Little consideration has been given to the rapidly evolving activities within women's spaces. This book joins young urban women in their daily lives—in the workplace, on the female university campus, at the mall—to show how these women are transforming Saudi cities from within and creating their own urban, professional, consumerist lifestyles. As young Saudi women are emerging as an increasingly visible social group, they are shaping new social norms. Their shared urban spaces offer women the opportunity to shed certain constraints and imagine themselves in new roles. But to feel included in this peer group, women must adhere to new constraints: to be sophisticated, fashionable, feminine, and modern. The position of "other" women—poor, rural, or non-Saudi women—is increasingly marginalized. While young urban women may embody the image of a "reformed" Saudi nation, the reform project ultimately remains incomplete, drawing new hierarchies and lines of exclusion among women.
Author: José María ARESTÉ PIFARRÉ
Publisher: Editorial UNED
ISBN: 8436260198
Pages: 312
Year: 2010
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La francophonie 100 textes es el segundo volumen de la trilogía compuesta por La francophonie 100 fiches, francophonie 100 textes y francophonie 100 documents (de próxima publicación). Se trata de un cuaderno de actividades que permite mejorar, por una parte, la comprensión de la "francophonie/Francophonie" y, por otra, perfeccionar y afianzar los conocimientos léxicos de nuestros estudiantes dentro del ámbito B1 y B2 del Marco Común Europeo de Referencia para las lenguas extranjeras.
Awakening Islam
Author: Stephane Lacroix, George Holoch
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674061071
Pages: 381
Year: 2011-08-15
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With unprecedented access to a closed culture, Lacroix offers an account of Islamism in Saudi Arabia. Tracing the last half-century of the Sahwa, or “Islamic Awakening,” he explains the brand of Islam that gave birth to Osama bin Laden—one that has been exported, and dangerously misunderstood, around the world.
Legal and Political Reforms in Saudi Arabia
Author: Joseph A. Kechichian
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415630185
Pages: 346
Year: 2013
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The fractious relationship between the United States and Saudi Arabia has long been a central concern in Washington. In the aftermath of 9/11 and amongst ongoing wars, the United States confronts an acute dilemma: how to cooperate with Riyadh against terrorism whilst confronting acute anti-Americanism? Using information gathered from extensive interviews with a plethora of officials, this book aims to analyze Saudi domestic reforms. It addresses the significant deficiency of information on such diverse matters as the judiciary and ongoing national dialogues, but also provides an alternative understanding of what motivates Saudi policy makers. How these reforms may impact on future Saudi decision-making will surely generate a slew of policy concerns for the United States and this study offers a few clarifications and solutions. This book will be of interest to anyone seeking a new perspective on the motivation behind legal and political reforms in Saudi Arabia, and the effects of these reforms beyond the Middle East.
The Clerics of Islam
Author: Nabil Mouline
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300206615
Pages: 344
Year: 2014-11-25
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Followers of Muhammad b. ’Abd al-Wahhab, often considered to be Islam’s Martin Luther, shaped the political and religious identity of the Saudi state while also enabling the significant worldwide expansion of Salafist Islam. Studies of the movement he inspired, however, have often been limited by scholars’ insufficient access to key sources within Saudi Arabia. Nabil Mouline was granted rare interviews and admittance to important Saudi archives in preparation for this groundbreaking book, the first in-depth study of the Wahhabi religious movement from its founding to the modern day. Gleaning information from both written and oral sources and employing a multidisciplinary approach that combines history, sociology, and Islamic studies, Mouline presents a new reading of this movement that transcends the usual resort to polemics.
Researching Biology and Evolution in the Gulf States
Author: Jörg Matthias Determann
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857729446
Pages: 256
Year: 2015-08-25
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Officials and religious scholars in the Gulf states have repeatedly banned the teaching and researching of the theory of evolution because of its association with atheism. But Jörg Matthias Determann argues here that, despite official prohibition, research on biological evolution has flourished, due in large part to the development of academic and professional networks. This book traces these networks through the history of various branches of biology, including botany, conservation research, ornithology and palaeontology. Typical of rentier societies, some of the scientific networks in this region consist of vertical patron-client relationships. For example, those in power who are interested in wildlife conservation have been known to offer patronage to biologists working on desert ecology. However, just as important are the horizontal links between scientists both within the Gulf region and beyond. Because most accounts of evolution explained the development of species without referring to divine action, the theory of evolution also became associated with atheism. The theory thus also became one of the most prominent flashpoints between modern science and Abrahamic religions. In Saudi Arabia, not only religious, but even science textbooks by the Ministry of Education promote an account of life’s creation by God. But through interviews with biologists working in the Gulf monarchies and through analysis of their publications, Determann finds that it has been possible for some researchers to support the theory of evolution in an environment which has been shaped by official challenges to the theory. By asking what has enabled these scientists to incorporate the theory into their work, he offers a new perspective on science in the Middle East: examining the work and lives of individuals rather than just focusing on the state and its policies. Researching Science in Arabia furthermore provides the argument that through the work of these individuals, we should look at the Arab world as an area interconnected with global science, and therefore fully integrated into the scientific and technological advances being pioneered worldwide.
Muted Modernists
Author: Madawi Al-Rasheed
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190496029
Pages: 224
Year: 2016-03-01
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Analysis of both official and opposition Saudi divine politics is often monolithic, conjuring images of conservatism, radicalism, misogyny and resistance to democracy. Madawi Al-Rasheed challenges this stereotype as she examines a long tradition of engaging with modernism that gathered momentum with the Arab uprisings and incurred the wrath of both the regime and its Wahhabi supporters. With this nascent modernism, constructions of new divine politics, anchored in a rigorous reinterpretation of foundational Islamic texts and civil society activism are emerging in a context where authoritarian rule prefers its advocates to remain muted. The author challenges scholarly wisdom on Islamism in general and blurs the boundaries between secular and religious politics.
The Battle for Saudi Arabia
Author: As'Ad Abukhalil
Publisher: Seven Stories Press
ISBN: 1609801733
Pages: 248
Year: 2011-01-04
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In The Battle for Saudi Arabia: Royalty, Fundamentalism, and Global Power , Professor As`ad AbuKhalil confronts the contradictory nature of Saudi Arabia—questions that both the Saudi government, long shrouded in mystery, and the United States government, ever protective of its own interests, seem unwilling to answer. In this unsparing probe into the history and power structure of the kingdom, Professor AbuKhalil, author of Bin Laden, Islam, and America’s New "War on Terrorism", affords the reader unique insight into the intense friction that underlies the increasingly precarious balance between the Saudi royal family and the fundamentalist clerical establishment.
Author: Kopano Matlwa
ISBN: 1770093362
Pages: 190
Year: 2007
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An important rumination on youth in modern-day South Africa, this haunting debut novel tells the story of two extraordinary young women who have grown up black in white suburbs and must now struggle to find their identities. The rich and pampered Ofilwe has taken her privileged lifestyle for granted, and must confront her swiftly dwindling sense of culture when her soulless world falls apart. Meanwhile, the hip and sassy Fiks is an ambitious go-getter desperate to leave her vicious past behind for the glossy sophistication of city life, but finds Johannesburg to be more complicated and unforgiving than she expected. These two stories artfully come together to illustrate the weight of history upon a new generation in South Africa.
Author: Allen J. Fromherz
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1626164908
Pages: 226
Year: 2017-06-01
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What role does Qatar play in the Middle East, and how does it differ from the other Gulf states? How has the ruling Al-Thani family shaped Qatar from a traditional tribal society and British protectorate to a modern state? How has Qatar become an economic superpower with one of the highest per-capita incomes in the world? What are the social, political, and economic consequences of Qatar’s extremely rapid development? In this groundbreaking history of modern Qatar, Allen J. Fromherz analyzes the country’s crucial role in the Middle East and its growing regional influence within a broader historical context. Drawing on original sources in Arabic, English, and French as well as his own fieldwork in the Middle East, the author deftly traces the influence of the Ottoman and British Empires and Qatar’s Gulf neighbors prior to Qatar’s meteoric rise in the post-independence era. Fromherz gives particular weight to the nation’s economic and social history, from its modest origins in the pearling and fishing industries to the considerable economic clout it exerts today, a clout that comes from having the region’s second-highest natural gas reserves. He also looks at what the future holds for Qatar’s economy as the country tries to diversify beyond oil and gas. The book further examines the paradox of Qatar where monarchy, traditional tribal culture, and conservative Islamic values appear to coexist with ultramodern development and a large population of foreign workers who outnumber Qatari citizens. This book is as unique as the country it documents—a multifaceted picture of the political, cultural, religious, social, and economic makeup of modern Qatar and its significance within the Gulf Cooperation Council and the wider region.
Unveiling Modernity in Twentieth-Century West African Islamic Reforms
Author: Ousman Murzik Kobo
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004215255
Pages: 383
Year: 2012-08-27
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In this book Ousman Kobo provides a fresh understanding of the indigenous origins of Islamic reforms sympathetic to "Wahhabi" ideas in two West African countries, Burkina Faso and Ghana, and connects these movements to Muslim's search for religious purity in modern contexts.