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Turning to Political Violence
Author: Marc Sageman
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812248775
Pages: 520
Year: 2017-06-19
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Counterterrorism consultant Marc Sageman examines the history and theory of political violence in his comprehensive new book. Seeking patterns across numerous key case studies, Turning to Political Violence offers a paradigm-shifting perspective that yields stark new implications for how liberal democracies should respond to terrorism.
Camille et Lucile Desmoulins
Author: Hervé Leuwers
Publisher: Fayard
ISBN: 2213689466
Pages: 456
Year: 2018-01-24
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Si Camille et Lucile Desmoulins n’apparaissent plus guère dans les manuels scolaires, ils restent bien vivants dans la mémoire collective. L’un est républicain avant la république, défenseur de la liberté de la presse et homme de lettres ; l’autre est citoyenne et diariste. Tous deux ont cru en la Révolution, ont combattu pour la liberté et l’égalité politique, ont aimé, jusqu’à la mort. Lorsqu’ils montent sur l’échafaud, en 1794, Lucile a vingt-quatre ans, dix de moins que son mari. À l’issue d’une patiente exploration des sources, de la mise au jour de nombreux inédits, Hervé Leuwers brosse un attachant portrait de ce couple, dont l’exigence démocratique est parfois d’une étonnante actualité. Par une histoire sensible, attentive aux émotions et à la culture de la fin du xviiie siècle, l’historien redonne vie à deux enfants des Lumières qui, pour reprendre les mots de Camille Desmoulins, ont « rêvé une république que tout le monde eût adorée ».
Liberalismus und moderne Schweiz
Author: Roca René
Publisher: Schwabe AG
ISBN: 3796537383
Pages: 168
Year: 2017-07-24
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Die direkte Demokratie ist in der Schweiz wie in keinem anderen Land ein zentraler Bestandteil der politischen Kultur, aber geschichtswissenschaftlich noch wenig erforscht. Aus diesem Grund wurde das Forschungsinstitut direkte Demokratie gegründet, das mit wissenschaftlichen Konferenzen, Publikationen und Vorträgen diese Forschungslücken schliessen will. Band 1 widmete sich dem Katholizisums, der Wichtiges zur Entstehung der modernen Schweiz und der Entwicklung der direkten Demokratie beigetragen hat. Band 2 thematisiert nun den Liberalismus. Die liberale Staatsidee wurzelt in der Aufklärungs- und der französischen Revolutionszeit. Sie schlug sich in leitenden Grundsätzen der helvetischen Verfassungen nieder. Damit und mit der Förderung der Volksschule prägte der Liberalismus im 19. Jahrhundert die weitere demokratische Entwicklung in der Schweiz nachhaltig. Jedoch liefen die liberale Theorie und Praxis mit ihrem Hang zur Aristokratisierung immer wieder Gefahr, das moderne Naturrecht zu negieren und an dessen Stelle ein utilitaristisches Prinzip zu favorisieren. Die Konferenz, in deren Rahmen die vorliegenden Texte entstanden sind, versammelte namhafte Experten zur Thematik und stellte anhand der Panels "Theoretische Grundlagen des Liberalismus" sowie "Liberale Debatten - repräsentative versus direkte Demokratie" neue Forschungsresultate vor. Das im Mittelpunkt der Tagung stehende Verhältnis des schweizerischen Liberalismus zur direkten Demokratie war zwar ambivalent und konfliktbeladen, doch befruchteten sich beide Denkansätze auch und wurden in der Praxis zu wichtigen Bausteinen einer modernen Schweiz. So bringt der Band Licht in Forschungsdesiderate und leistet einen weiteren wichtigen Beitrag zur Demokratieforschung. Band 3 wird sich dann mit dem Thema "Frühsozialismus und moderne Schweiz" auseinandersetzen.
France, 1789-1815
Author: Donald M.G. Sutherland
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195205138
Pages: 493
Year: 1986-03-27
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Challenging classical histories of the French Revolution, this work emphasizes the importance of conflict between revolutionary and counterrevolutionary movements and sets familiar events within a broader context of political, social, and economic crisis.
Fouche, El Genio Tenebroso
Author: Stefan Zweig
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 1518708536
Pages: 124
Year: 2015-10-21
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Esta biografia no es un retrato de cuerpo entero, sino de alma entera, pues Zweig va siguiendo con la apasionada curiosidad cientifica de un entomologo y el arte de un insuperable novelista los mas insignificantes movimientos de Fouche, hasta descubrir no ya el mas intimo detalle de su contextura sino los mas intimos motivo s que le impulsan, o sea su alma vil de traidor que, en el momento supremo, le impide elevarse a la grandeza de una idea noble, desinteresada, y sucumbe, amarrado por la baja codicia, al misero provecho material, norte unico de sus acciones y de sus innegables talentos. Este libro es la gran epopeya del apasionante periodo frances comprendido entre la Revolucion y el reinado de Luis XVIII."
Becoming Bourgeois
Author: Christopher H. Johnson
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501701282
Pages: 360
Year: 2015-09-04
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Becoming Bourgeois traces the fortunes of three French families in the municipality of Vannes, in Brittany—Galles, Jollivet, and Le Ridant—who rose to prominence in publishing, law, the military, public administration, and intellectual pursuits over the course of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Revisiting complex issues of bourgeois class formation from the perspective of the interior lives of families, Christopher H. Johnson argues that the most durable and socially advantageous links forging bourgeois ascent were those of kinship. Economic success, though certainly derived from the virtues of hard work and intelligent management, was always underpinned by marriage strategies and the diligent intervention of influential family members. Johnson's examination of hundreds of personal letters opens up a whole world: the vicissitudes of courtship; the centrality of marriage; the depths of conjugal love; the routines of pregnancy and the drama of childbirth; the practices of child rearing and education; the powerful place of siblings; the role of kin in advancing the next generation; tragedy and deaths; the enormous contributions of women in all aspects of becoming bourgeois; and the pleasures of gathering together in intimate soirées, grand balls, country houses, and civic and political organizations. Family love bound it all together, and this is ultimately what this book is about, as four generations of rather ordinary provincial people capture our hearts.
Germaine de Stael
Author: Biancamaria Fontana
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400880610
Pages: 312
Year: 2016-05-17
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Germaine de Staël (1766–1817) is perhaps best known today as a novelist, literary critic, and outspoken and independent thinker. Yet she was also a prominent figure in politics during the French Revolution. Biancamaria Fontana sheds new light on this often overlooked aspect of Staël's life and work, bringing vividly to life her unique experience as a political actor in a world where women had no place. The banker's daughter who became one of Europe's best-connected intellectuals, Staël was an exceptionally talented woman who achieved a degree of public influence to which not even her wealth and privilege would normally have entitled her. During the Revolution, when the lives of so many around her were destroyed, she succeeded in carving out a unique path for herself and making her views heard, first by the powerful men around her, later by the European public at large. Fontana provides the first in-depth look at her substantial output of writings on the theory and practice of the exercise of power, setting in sharp relief the dimension of Staël's life that she cared most about—politics. She was fascinated by the nature of public opinion, and believed that viable political regimes were founded on public trust and popular consensus. Fontana shows how Staël's ideas were shaped by the remarkable times in which she lived, and argues that it is only through a consideration of her political insights that we can fully understand Staël's legacy and its enduring relevance for us today.
Polycentric Monarchies
Author: Pedro Cardim
Publisher: Apollo Books
ISBN: 1845195442
Pages: 241
Year: 2012
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Having succeeded in establishing themselves in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas, in the early 16th century Spain and Portugal became the first imperial powers on a worldwide scale. Between 1580 and 1640, when these two entities were united, they achieved an almost global hegemony, constituting the largest political force in Europe and abroad. Although they lost their political primacy in the seventeenth century, both monarchies survived and were able to enjoy a relative success until the early 19th century. The aim of this collection is to answer the question how and why their cultural and political legacies persist to date. … Part I focuses on the construction of the monarchy, examining the ways different territories integrated in the imperial network mainly by inquiring to what extent local political elites maintained their autonomy, and to what a degree they shared power with the royal administration. Part II deals primarily with the circulation of ideas, models and people, observing them as they move in space but also as they coincide in the court, which was a veritable melting pot in which the various administrations that served the Kings and the various territories belonging to the monarchy developed their own identities, fought for recognition, and for what they considered their proper place in the global hierarchy. Part III explains the forms of dependence and symbiosis established with other European powers, such as Genoa and the United Provinces. Attempting to reorient the politics of these states, political and financial co-dependence often led to bad economic choices. … The Editors and Contributors discard the portrayal of the Iberian monarchies as the accumulation of many bilateral relations arranged in a radial pattern, arguing that these political entities were polycentric, that is to say, they allowed for the existence of many different centers which interacted and thus participated in the making of empire. The resulting political structure was complex and unstable, albeit with a general adhesion to a discourse of loyalty to King and religion.
The Myth of the French Bourgeoisie
Author: Sarah C MAZA
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674040724
Pages: 267
Year: 2009-06-30
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Who, exactly, were the French bourgeoisie? Unlike the Anglo-Americans, who widely embraced middle-class ideals and values, the French--even the most affluent and conservative--have always rejected and maligned bourgeois values and identity.In this new approach to the old question of the bourgeoisie, Sarah Maza focuses on the crucial period before, during, and after the French Revolution, and offers a provocative answer: the French bourgeoisie has never existed.
Dandyism in the Age of Revolution
Author: Elizabeth Amann
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022618725X
Pages: 288
Year: 2015-01-07
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In Dandyism in the Age of Revolution, Elizabeth Amann shows that in France, England, and Spain, daring dress became a way of taking a stance toward the social and political upheaval of the period. France is the centerpiece of the story, not just because of the significance of the Revolution but also because of the speed with which both its politics and fashions shifted. Dandyism in France represented an attempt to recover a political center after the extremism of the Terror, while in England and Spain it offered a way to reflect upon the turmoil across the Channel and Pyrenees. From the Hair Powder Act, which required users of the product implications of the feather in Yankee Doodle's hat, Amann aims to revise our understanding of the origins of modern dandyism and to recover the political context from which it emerged. -- from back cover.
The Furies
Author: Arno J. Mayer
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400823439
Pages: 736
Year: 2013-05-16
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The great romance and fear of bloody revolution--strange blend of idealism and terror--have been superseded by blind faith in the bloodless expansion of human rights and global capitalism. Flying in the face of history, violence is dismissed as rare, immoral, and counterproductive. Arguing against this pervasive wishful thinking, the distinguished historian Arno J. Mayer revisits the two most tumultuous and influential revolutions of modern times: the French Revolution of 1789 and the Russian Revolution of 1917. Although these two upheavals arose in different environments, they followed similar courses. The thought and language of Enlightenment France were the glories of western civilization; those of tsarist Russia's intelligentsia were on its margins. Both revolutions began as revolts vowed to fight unreason, injustice, and inequality; both swept away old regimes and defied established religions in societies that were 85% peasant and illiterate; both entailed the terrifying return of repressed vengeance. Contrary to prevalent belief, Mayer argues, ideologies and personalities did not control events. Rather, the tide of violence overwhelmed the political actors who assumed power and were rudderless. Even the best plans could not stem the chaos that at once benefited and swallowed them. Mayer argues that we have ignored an essential part of all revolutions: the resistances to revolution, both domestic and foreign, which help fuel the spiral of terror. In his sweeping yet close comparison of the world's two transnational revolutions, Mayer follows their unfolding--from the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Bolshevik Declaration of the Rights of the Toiling and Exploited Masses; the escalation of the initial violence into the reign of terror of 1793-95 and of 1918-21; the dismemberment of the hegemonic churches and religion of both societies; the "externalization" of the terror through the Napoleonic wars; and its "internalization" in Soviet Russia in the form of Stalin's "Terror in One Country." Making critical use of theory, old and new, Mayer breaks through unexamined assumptions and prevailing debates about the attributes of these particular revolutions to raise broader and more disturbing questions about the nature of revolutionary violence attending new foundations.
Hannah Arendt and the Negro Question
Author: Kathryn T. Gines
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253011752
Pages: 194
Year: 2014-03-28
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While acknowledging Hannah Arendt's keen philosophical and political insights, Kathryn T. Gines claims that there are some problematic assertions and oversights regarding Arendt’s treatment of the "Negro question." Gines focuses on Arendt's reaction to the desegregation of Little Rock schools, to laws making mixed marriages illegal, and to the growing civil rights movement in the south. Reading them alongside Arendt's writings on revolution, the human condition, violence, and responses to the Eichmann war crimes trial, Gines provides a systematic analysis of anti-black racism in Arendt’s work.
Revolution in Print
Author: Robert Darnton, Daniel Roche
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520064313
Pages: 351
Year: 1989-01-01
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Explains the role of printing in the French Revolution and the establishment of the revolutionary government
Memoires de Mme Roland
Author: Roland, Fs Barriere
Publisher:
ISBN: 137562430X
Pages: 530
Year: 2017-08-20
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Non-Violence and the French Revolution
Author: Micah Alpaugh
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110708279X
Pages: 302
Year: 2014-10-23
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Challenging scholarly emphasis on French Revolutionary violence, this book instead examines the prevalence of peaceful, democratic methods in Parisian protest.