La Peninsule Iberique Et Le Monde 1470 1650 Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Slavery in Small Things
Author: James Walvin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119166225
Pages: 288
Year: 2017-02-06
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Slavery in Small Things: Slavery and Modern Cultural Habits isthe first book to explore the long-range cultural legacy of slavery through commonplace daily objects. Offers a new and original approach to the history of slavery by an acknowledged expert on the topic Traces the relationship between slavery and modern cultural habits through an analysis of commonplace objects that include sugar, tobacco, tea, maps, portraiture, print, and more Represents the only study that utilizes common objects to illustrate the cultural impact and legacy of the Atlantic slave trade Makes the topic of slavery accessible to a wider public audience
Les Temps modernes
Author: Étienne Bourdeu, Jean-Philippe Cénat, David Richardson
Publisher: Armand Colin
ISBN: 2200623844
Pages: 416
Year: 2018-06-06
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Cette synthèse sur la France dans l'Europe des Temps modernes, destinée à un public d’étudiants de niveau licence, propose un tableau complet et accessible de cette longue période. Découpé en trois grandes parties (XVIe s., XVIIe s., XVIIIe s.), l’ouvrage présente les aspects les plus variés de la France dans son ancrage européen : pouvoirs, conflits, diplomatie, sociétés, religion, économie, culture... Par sa structure didactique et son style simple et clair, cet ouvrage répond aux besoins des étudiants commençant l’étude de l’histoire moderne. Avec la mise en lumière des aspects constitutifs de chaque siècle, l’insertion en marge d’illustrations, de citations ou de courts textes et une bibliographie dédiée, chacun des chapitres constituera comme une fiche, pratique et complète. Tout en abordant les sujets classiques de l’histoire moderne (construction des Etats, crises religieuses, sciences, guerres, grandes découvertes...), l’ouvrage intègre les réorientations récentes de la recherche. En présentant les éventuels débats historiographiques actuels, il appuiera le cours et donnera un maximum d’informations sur les questions traitées. Un cahier de cartes en quadrichromie, un important dossier méthodologique et des annexes fournies compléteront ce volume.
Chaos in the Contact Zone
Author: Stephanie Wodianka, Christoph Behrens
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839433894
Pages: 252
Year: 2017-06
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Cultural encounters are often being stylized not only as experiences of uncontrollability and unpredictability par excellence, but also as challenges to planning and predicting. The history, the different forms and the consequences of this phenomenon are the main issues discussed in this volume. The contributions show that chaos and control are not mutually exclusive in the "contact zone" (Mary Louise Pratt); on the contrary, they stand in relation to each other - be it as a competence or as an interpretive scheme.
La péninsule Ibérique et le monde
Author: Guillaume Hanotin
Publisher: Editions Sedes
ISBN: 2301003388
Pages: 288
Year: 2013-10-09
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À la fin du XVe siècle, les Ibériques poursuivent la Reconquista en Europe et se lancent dans une expansion maritime qui les conduit à contourner le continent africain et à traverser l’Atlantique pour arriver en Amérique et jusqu’en Asie. Ils entrent en contact avec des sociétés dont ils ignorent presque tout et sont confrontés à des populations dont les mœurs, les croyances, l’organisation politique et sociale diffèrent radicalement des leurs. À ce temps des premiers contacts, succède celui des échanges croissants. L’or, l’argent, les épices – et bientôt les hommes – circulent de plus en plus. À ces circulations matérielles et quantifiables, s’ajoute un immatériel parfois insaisissable. Les représentations du monde, de soi et de l’autre sont bouleversées. Il faut alors trouver des mots et des explications pour comprendre et dire l’inconnu. Les Ibériques ont été des acteurs majeurs de cette première mondialisation, car ils ont contribué à établir des liens entre différentes parties du monde. Ce sont ces connexions et ces échanges qui sont au cœur de cet ouvrage. Construit selon une approche thématique, il aborde à la fois le phénomène de l’expansion et ses multiples répercussions religieuses, sociales, économiques et culturelles.
Polycentric Monarchies
Author: Pedro Cardim
Publisher: Apollo Books
ISBN: 1845195442
Pages: 241
Year: 2012
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Having succeeded in establishing themselves in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas, in the early 16th century Spain and Portugal became the first imperial powers on a worldwide scale. Between 1580 and 1640, when these two entities were united, they achieved an almost global hegemony, constituting the largest political force in Europe and abroad. Although they lost their political primacy in the seventeenth century, both monarchies survived and were able to enjoy a relative success until the early 19th century. The aim of this collection is to answer the question how and why their cultural and political legacies persist to date. … Part I focuses on the construction of the monarchy, examining the ways different territories integrated in the imperial network mainly by inquiring to what extent local political elites maintained their autonomy, and to what a degree they shared power with the royal administration. Part II deals primarily with the circulation of ideas, models and people, observing them as they move in space but also as they coincide in the court, which was a veritable melting pot in which the various administrations that served the Kings and the various territories belonging to the monarchy developed their own identities, fought for recognition, and for what they considered their proper place in the global hierarchy. Part III explains the forms of dependence and symbiosis established with other European powers, such as Genoa and the United Provinces. Attempting to reorient the politics of these states, political and financial co-dependence often led to bad economic choices. … The Editors and Contributors discard the portrayal of the Iberian monarchies as the accumulation of many bilateral relations arranged in a radial pattern, arguing that these political entities were polycentric, that is to say, they allowed for the existence of many different centers which interacted and thus participated in the making of empire. The resulting political structure was complex and unstable, albeit with a general adhesion to a discourse of loyalty to King and religion.
Heritage or Heresy
Author: B. Schildgen
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 1349371629
Pages: 266
Year: 2015-10-21
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This is an account of the roles of local and national movements, and of memory and regret in the destruction or preservation of the architectural, artistic, and historic legacy of Europe in which the author examines what is cultural heritage and why it matters.
Portuguese Oceanic Expansion, 1400-1800
Author: Francisco Bethencourt, Diogo Ramada Curto
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521846447
Pages: 536
Year: 2007-04-30
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A unique overview of Portuguese oceanic expansion between 1400 and 1800, the essays in this 2007 volume treat a wide range of subjects - economy and society, politics and institutions, cultural configurations and comparative dimensions - and radically update data and interpretations on the economic and financial trends of the Portuguese Empire. Interregional networks are analysed in a substantial way. Patterns of settlement, political configurations, ecclesiastical structures, and local powers are put in global context. Language and literature, the arts, and science and technology are revisited with refreshing and innovative approaches. The interaction between Portuguese and local people is studied in different contexts, while the entire imperial and colonial culture of the Portuguese world is looked at synthetically for the first time. In short, this book provides a broad understanding of the Portuguese Empire in its first four centuries as a factor in world history and as a major component of European expansion.
Empires of the Atlantic World
Author: John Huxtable Elliott
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 030012399X
Pages: 546
Year: 2007
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Compares the empires built by Spain and Britain in the Americas, from Columbus's arrival in the New World to the end of Spanish colonial rule in the early nineteenth century.
Trading Places
Author: Maartje Van Gelder
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004175431
Pages: 241
Year: 2009
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This book deals with the Netherlandish merchant community in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Venice. It examines the merchants commercial activities, their social and communal relations, as well as their interaction with the Venetian state, which was accustomed to protect its own trade. The Netherlandish merchants in Venice, as part of an extensive international trading network, were ideally placed to connect Mediterranean and Atlantic commerce. They quickly became the most important group of foreign merchants in the city at a time of rapid economic changes. Drawing on a wide variety of primary sources, this book shows how these immigrant traders used their strong commercial position to secure a place in Venice. It demonstrates how the changing balance of international commerce affected early modern Venetian society.
Biological Invasions in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin
Author: F. di Castri, A.J. Hansen, M Debussche
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 079230411X
Pages: 463
Year: 1990-07-31
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In view of the massive change in the area of distribution of many world biota across classical biogeographical realms, and of the drastic restructuring of the biotic components of numerous ecosystems, the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) decided at its general Assembly in Ottawa, Canada, in 1982 to launch a project on the 'Ecology of Biological Invasions'. Several regional meetings were subsequently organized within the framework of SCOPE, in order to single out the peculiarities of the invasions that took place in each region, the behaviour of their invasive species and the invasibility of their ecosystems. Most noteworthy among such workshops were one in Australia in August 1984, one concerning North America and Hawaii in October 1984, and one dealing with southern Africa in November 1985. A leitmotiv of these workshops was that most of the invasive species to those regions were emanating from Europe and the Mediterranean Basin, inadvertently or intentionally introduced by man. It was therefore considered as a timely endeavour to organize the next regional meeting in relation to this region. The workshop on 'Biological Invasions in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin' was held in Montpellier, France, 21 to 23 May 1986, thanks to the financial support of SCOPE and of the A.W. Mellon Foundation, and the logistic facilities of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (C.N .R.S.).
Books of the Brave
Author: Irving Albert Leonard
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520079906
Pages: 453
Year: 1949
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Since its original publication in 1949, Irving A. Leonard's pioneering Books of the Brave has endured as the classic account of the introduction of literary culture to Spain's New World. Leonard's study documents the works of fiction that accompanied and followed the conquistadores to the Americas and goes on to argue that popular texts influenced these men and shaped the way they thought and wrote about their New World experiences. For the first time in English, this edition combines Leonard's text with a selection of the documents that were his most valuable sources--nine lists of books destined for the Indies. Containing a wealth of information that is sure to spark future study, these lists provide the documentary evidence for what is perhaps Leonard's greatest contribution: his demonstration that royal and inquisitorial prohibitions failed to control the circulation of books and ideas in colonial Spanish America. Rolena Adorno's introduction signals the lasting value of Books of the Brave and brings the reader up to date on developments in cultural-historical studies that have shed light on the role of books in Spanish American colonial culture. Adorno situates Leonard's work at the threshold between older, triumphalist views of Spanish conquest history and more recent perspectives engendered by studies of native American peoples. With its rich descriptions of the book trade in both Spain and America, Books of the Brave has much to offer historians as well as literary critics. Indeed, it is a highly readable and engaging book for anyone interested in the cultural life of the New World. Since its original publication in 1949, Irving A. Leonard's pioneering Books of the Brave has endured as the classic account of the introduction of literary culture to Spain's New World. Leonard's study documents the works of fiction that accompanied and followed the conquistadores to the Americas and goes on to argue that popular texts influenced these men and shaped the way they thought and wrote about their New World experiences. For the first time in English, this edition combines Leonard's text with a selection of the documents that were his most valuable sources--nine lists of books destined for the Indies. Containing a wealth of information that is sure to spark future study, these lists provide the documentary evidence for what is perhaps Leonard's greatest contribution: his demonstration that royal and inquisitorial prohibitions failed to control the circulation of books and ideas in colonial Spanish America. Rolena Adorno's introduction signals the lasting value of Books of the Brave and brings the reader up to date on developments in cultural-historical studies that have shed light on the role of books in Spanish American colonial culture. Adorno situates Leonard's work at the threshold between older, triumphalist views of Spanish conquest history and more recent perspectives engendered by studies of native American peoples. With its rich descriptions of the book trade in both Spain and America, Books of the Brave has much to offer historians as well as literary critics. Indeed, it is a highly readable and engaging book for anyone interested in the cultural life of the New World.
Gateway to Freedom: The Hidden History of the Underground Railroad
Author: Eric Foner
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393244385
Pages: 320
Year: 2015-01-19
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The dramatic story of fugitive slaves and the antislavery activists who defied the law to help them reach freedom. More than any other scholar, Eric Foner has influenced our understanding of America's history. Now, making brilliant use of extraordinary evidence, the Pulitzer Prize–winning historian once again reconfigures the national saga of American slavery and freedom. A deeply entrenched institution, slavery lived on legally and commercially even in the northern states that had abolished it after the American Revolution. Slaves could be found in the streets of New York well after abolition, traveling with owners doing business with the city's major banks, merchants, and manufacturers. New York was also home to the North’s largest free black community, making it a magnet for fugitive slaves seeking refuge. Slave catchers and gangs of kidnappers roamed the city, seizing free blacks, often children, and sending them south to slavery. To protect fugitives and fight kidnappings, the city's free blacks worked with white abolitionists to organize the New York Vigilance Committee in 1835. In the 1840s vigilance committees proliferated throughout the North and began collaborating to dispatch fugitive slaves from the upper South, Washington, and Baltimore, through Philadelphia and New York, to Albany, Syracuse, and Canada. These networks of antislavery resistance, centered on New York City, became known as the underground railroad. Forced to operate in secrecy by hostile laws, courts, and politicians, the city’s underground-railroad agents helped more than 3,000 fugitive slaves reach freedom between 1830 and 1860. Until now, their stories have remained largely unknown, their significance little understood. Building on fresh evidence—including a detailed record of slave escapes secretly kept by Sydney Howard Gay, one of the key organizers in New York—Foner elevates the underground railroad from folklore to sweeping history. The story is inspiring—full of memorable characters making their first appearance on the historical stage—and significant—the controversy over fugitive slaves inflamed the sectional crisis of the 1850s. It eventually took a civil war to destroy American slavery, but here at last is the story of the courageous effort to fight slavery by "practical abolition," person by person, family by family.
Minoan Realities
Author: Diamantis Panagiotopoulos
Publisher: Presses univ. de Louvain
ISBN: 2875881000
Pages: 181
Year: 2012
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Warfare State
Author: James T. Sparrow
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199791074
Pages: 400
Year: 2011-05-01
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Although common wisdom and much scholarship assume that "big government" gained its foothold in the United States under the auspices of the New Deal during the Great Depression, in fact it was the Second World War that accomplished this feat. Indeed, as the federal government mobilized for war it grew tenfold, quickly dwarfing the New Deal's welfare programs. Warfare State shows how the federal government vastly expanded its influence over American society during World War II. Equally important, it looks at how and why Americans adapted to this expansion of authority. Through mass participation in military service, war work, rationing, price control, income taxation, and the war bond program, ordinary Americans learned to live with the warfare state. They accepted these new obligations because the government encouraged all citizens to think of themselves as personally connected to the battle front, linking their every action to the fate of the combat soldier. As they worked for the American Soldier, Americans habituated themselves to the authority of the government. Citizens made their own counter-claims on the state-particularly in the case of industrial workers, women, African Americans, and most of all, the soldiers. Their demands for fuller citizenship offer important insights into the relationship between citizen morale, the uses of patriotism, and the legitimacy of the state in wartime. World War II forged a new bond between citizens, nation, and government. Warfare State tells the story of this dramatic transformation in American life.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium
Author: John H. Rosser
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 0810874776
Pages: 642
Year: 2011-12-22
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In this revised and updated second edition of the Historical Dictionary of Byzantium, author John H. Rosser introduces both the general reader and the researcher to the history of the Byzantine Empire. This comprehensive dictionary includes detailed, alphabetical entries on key figures, ideas, places, and themes related to Byzantine art, history, and religion, and the second edition contains numerous additional entries on broad topics such as transportation and gender, which were less prominent in the previous edition. An expanded introduction introduces the reader to Byzantium and a guide to further sources and suggested readings can be found in the extensive bibliography that follows the entries. A basic chronology and various maps and illustrations are also included in the dictionary. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Byzantium.