La Machine A Fantasmes Relire Lhistoire De La Revolution Francaise Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

La machine à fantasmes
Author: Jean-Clément Martin
Publisher: Editions Vendémiaire
ISBN: 236358029X
Pages: 314
Year: 2012
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Ecrire l’histoire n’est pas chose facile. Surtout quand on a choisi de s’intéresser à la Révolution française, grande pourvoyeuse d’idéologies, d’images et de fantasmes. Ces inventions et des digressions sont pourtant le socle où s’enracinent mémoires collectives et convictions individuelles. Elles sont ici à l’honneur, ou plutôt à l’épreuve. A travers des analyses de cas très concrets, l’un des meilleurs spécialistes de la période s’interroge ici sur les non-dits et les impensés à l’œuvre dès lors qu’on traite du régicide, des meurtres de masse, du peuple, de la nation ou de l’héroïsme. Ainsi, les monuments de notre mémoire nationale sont démontés : la « guerre de Vendée » comme emballement d’un discours officiel, au sein d’un régime en proie à des divisions internes incontrôlées ; la « Terreur » comme un tour de passe-passe pour endiguer des pulsions meurtrières puis pour discréditer un bouc-émissaire. Tandis que les pratiques commémoratives, fondatrices de l’opinion dominante, sont passées au crible : « Valmy » et son bicentenaire laborieux ; Charlotte Corday et Joseph Bara, en leurs interminables déclinaisons morbides ou érotiques... Une leçon de méthode.
The Imperial Nation
Author: Josep M. Fradera
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691183937
Year: 2018-10-30
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How the legacy of monarchical empires shaped Britain, France, Spain, and the United States as they became liberal entities Historians view the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries as a turning point when imperial monarchies collapsed and modern nations emerged. Treating this pivotal moment as a bridge rather than a break, The Imperial Nation offers a sweeping examination of four of these modern powers—Great Britain, France, Spain, and the United States—and asks how, after the great revolutionary cycle in Europe and America, the history of monarchical empires shaped these new nations. Josep Fradera explores this transition, paying particular attention to the relations between imperial centers and their sovereign territories and the constant and changing distinctions placed between citizens and subjects. Fradera argues that the essential struggle that lasted from the Seven Years’ War to the twentieth century was over the governance of dispersed and varied peoples: each empire tried to ensure domination through subordinate representation or by denying any representation at all. The most common approach echoed Napoleon’s “special laws,” which allowed France to reinstate slavery in its Caribbean possessions. The Spanish and Portuguese constitutions adopted “specialness” in the 1830s; the United States used comparable guidelines to distinguish between states, territories, and Indian reservations; and the British similarly ruled their dominions and colonies. In all these empires, the mix of indigenous peoples, European-origin populations, slaves and indentured workers, immigrants, and unassimilated social groups led to unequal and hierarchical political relations. Fradera considers not only political and constitutional transformations but also their social underpinnings. Presenting a fresh perspective on the ways in which nations descended and evolved from and throughout empires, The Imperial Nation highlights the ramifications of this entangled history for the subjects who lived in its shadows.
A Year in Treblinka
Author: Jankiel Wiernik
Pages: 46
Year: 1949
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Visages de la Terreur
Author: Michel Biard, Hervé Leuwers
Publisher: Armand Colin
ISBN: 2200601220
Pages: 272
Year: 2014-10-08
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De toutes les années de la Révolution française, celles de la Terreur sont sans doute les plus complexes, tant la jeune république de l’an II doit se construire dans une période de divisions politiques, de tensions extrêmes, de guerre intérieure et extérieure. Paradoxalement, les années 1793-1794 se cristallisent pourtant en des images brutales et univoques : la Vendée militaire, la guillotine, les suspects, Robespierre... Le décalage dit son impact mémoriel, son actualité toujours vive. Pour comprendre les enjeux, les tensions et les contradictions de l’an II, une quinzaine de spécialistes livrent leurs analyses. Ensemble, ils brossent un tableau contrasté d’une Terreur qui ne ressemble pas toujours à celle que l’on imagine.
The Coming of the Terror in the French Revolution
Author: Timothy Tackett
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674425189
Pages: 480
Year: 2015-02-23
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How did the French Revolution’s ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity descend into violence and terror? Timothy Tackett offers a new interpretation of this turning point in world history. Penetrating the mentality of Revolutionary elites on the eve of the Terror, he reveals how suspicion and mistrust escalated and helped propel their actions.
The Man Who Thought He Was Napoleon
Author: Laure Murat
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022602587X
Pages: 304
Year: 2014-09-15
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The Man Who Thought He Was Napoleon is built around a bizarre historical event and an off-hand challenge. The event? In December 1840, nearly twenty years after his death, the remains of Napoleon were returned to Paris for burial—and the next day, the director of a Paris hospital for the insane admitted fourteen men who claimed to be Napoleon. The challenge, meanwhile, is the claim by great French psychiatrist Jean-Étienne-Dominique Esquirol (1772–1840) that he could recount the history of France through asylum registries. From those two components, Laure Murat embarks on an exploration of the surprising relationship between history and madness. She uncovers countless stories of patients whose delusions seem to be rooted in the historical or political traumas of their time, like the watchmaker who believed he lived with a new head, his original having been removed at the guillotine. In the troubled wake of the Revolution, meanwhile, French physicians diagnosed a number of mental illnesses tied to current events, from “revolutionary neuroses” and “democratic disease” to the “ambitious monomania” of the Restoration. How, Murat asks, do history and psychiatry, the nation and the individual psyche, interface? A fascinating history of psychiatry—but of a wholly new sort—The Man Who Thought He Was Napoleon offers the first sustained analysis of the intertwined discourses of madness, psychiatry, history, and political theory.
Author: Peter McPhee
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300183674
Pages: 352
Year: 2012-03-13
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For some historians and biographers, Maximilien Robespierre (1758–94) was a great revolutionary martyr who succeeded in leading the French Republic to safety in the face of overwhelming military odds. For many others, he was the first modern dictator, a fanatic who instigated the murderous Reign of Terror in 1793–94. This masterful biography combines new research into Robespierre's dramatic life with a deep understanding of society and the politics of the French Revolution to arrive at a fresh understanding of the man, his passions, and his tragic shortcomings. Peter McPhee gives special attention to Robespierre's formative years and the development of an iron will in a frail boy conceived outside wedlock and on the margins of polite provincial society. Exploring how these experiences formed the young lawyer who arrived in Versailles in 1789, the author discovers not the cold, obsessive Robespierre of legend, but a man of passion with close but platonic friendships with women. Soon immersed in revolutionary conflict, he suffered increasingly lengthy periods of nervous collapse correlating with moments of political crisis, yet Robespierre was tragically unable to step away from the crushing burdens of leadership. Did his ruthless, uncompromising exercise of power reflect a descent into madness in his final year of life? McPhee reevaluates the ideology and reality of "the Terror," what Robespierre intended, and whether it represented an abandonment or a reversal of his early liberalism and sense of justice.
France, 1789-1815
Author: Donald M.G. Sutherland
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195205138
Pages: 493
Year: 1986-03-27
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Challenging classical histories of the French Revolution, this work emphasizes the importance of conflict between revolutionary and counterrevolutionary movements and sets familiar events within a broader context of political, social, and economic crisis.
The Second Sex (Vintage Feminism Short Edition)
Author: Simone de Beauvoir
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1473521912
Pages: 144
Year: 2015-03-05
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Vintage Feminism: classic feminist texts in short form WITH AN INTRODUCTION BY NATALIE HAYNES When this book was first published in 1949 it was to outrage and scandal. Never before had the case for female liberty been so forcefully and successfully argued. De Beauvoir’s belief that ‘One is not born, but rather becomes, a woman’ switched on light bulbs in the heads of a generation of women and began a fight for greater equality and economic independence. These pages contain the key passages of the book that changed perceptions of women forever. TRANSLATED BY CONSTANCE BORDE AND SHEILA MALOVANY-CHEVALLIER ANNOTATED AND INTRODUCED BY MARTINE REID
Ending the Terror
Author: Bronislaw Baczko, Michael Petheram
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521441056
Pages: 269
Year: 1994-07-28
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A major assessment of a crucial moment in the history of the French Revolution - the fall of Robespierre in July 1794.
Jacobin Republic Under Fire
Author: Paul R. Hanson
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271047925
Year: 2010-11-01
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May '68 and Its Afterlives
Author: Kristin Ross
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226728005
Pages: 247
Year: 2008-11-26
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During May 1968, students and workers in France united in the biggest strike and the largest mass movement in French history. Protesting capitalism, American imperialism, and Gaullism, 9 million people from all walks of life, from shipbuilders to department store clerks, stopped working. The nation was paralyzed—no sector of the workplace was untouched. Yet, just thirty years later, the mainstream image of May '68 in France has become that of a mellow youth revolt, a cultural transformation stripped of its violence and profound sociopolitical implications. Kristin Ross shows how the current official memory of May '68 came to serve a political agenda antithetical to the movement's aspirations. She examines the roles played by sociologists, repentant ex-student leaders, and the mainstream media in giving what was a political event a predominantly cultural and ethical meaning. Recovering the political language of May '68 through the tracts, pamphlets, and documentary film footage of the era, Ross reveals how the original movement, concerned above all with the question of equality, gained a new and counterfeit history, one that erased police violence and the deaths of participants, removed workers from the picture, and eliminated all traces of anti-Americanism, anti-imperialism, and the influences of Algeria and Vietnam. May '68 and Its Afterlives is especially timely given the rise of a new mass political movement opposing global capitalism, from labor strikes and anti-McDonald's protests in France to the demonstrations against the World Trade Organization in Seattle.
Histoire Des Girondins
Author: Alphonse de Lamartine
Publisher: Theclassics.Us
ISBN: 1230450882
Pages: 188
Year: 2013-09
View: 978
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Ce livre historique peut contenir de nombreuses coquilles et du texte manquant. Les acheteurs peuvent generalement telecharger une copie gratuite scannee du livre original (sans les coquilles) aupres de l'editeur. Non reference. Non illustre. 1847 edition. Extrait: ...C'etait le decalogue du genre humain dans toutes les langues. La Revolution moderne appelait les Gentils comme les Juifs au partage de la lumiere et au regne de la fraternite. Aussi, n'y eut-il pas un de ses apotres qui ne proclamat la paix entre les peuples. Mirabeau, la Fayette, Robespierre lui-meme effacerent la guerre du symbole qu'ils presentaient a la nation. Ce furent les factieux et les ambitieux qui la demanderent plus tard; ce ne furent pas les grands revolutionnaires. Quand la guerre eclata, la Revolution avait degenere. L'Assemblee constituante se serait bien gardee de placer aux frontieres de la France les bornes de ses verites et de renfermer l'ame sympathique de la Revolution francaise dans un etroit patriotisme. La patrie de ses dogmes etait le globe. La France n'etait que l'atelier ou elle travaillait pour tous les peuples. Respectueuse ou indifferente a la question des territoires nationaux, des son premier mot elle s'interdit les conquetes. Elle ne se reservait que la propriete ou plutot l'invention des verites generales qu'elle mettait en lumiere. Universelle comme l'humanite, elle n'eut pas l'egoismc de s'isoler. Elle voulut donner et non derober. Elle voulut se repandre par le droit et non par la force. Essentiellement spiritualiste, elle n'affecta d'autre empire pour la France que l'empire volontaire de l'imitation sur l'esprit humain. Son uvre etait prodigieuse, ses moyens nuls; tout ce que l'enthousiasme lui...
The A to Z of the French Revolution
Author: Paul R. Hanson
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 1461716063
Pages: 424
Year: 2007-02-23
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The French Revolution remains the most examined event and period in world history. Most historians would argue that it was the first "modern" revolution, an event so momentous that it changed the very meaning of the word revolution to its current connotation of a political and/or social upheaval that marks a decisive break with the past, moving the society in a forward or progressive direction. No revolution has occurred since 1789 without making reference to this first revolution, and most have been measured against it. When revolution shook the foundations of the Old Regime in France, shock waves reverberated throughout the western world. The A to Z of the French Revolution examines the causes and origins; the roles of significant persons; crucial events and turning points; important institutions and organizations; and the economic, social, and intellectual factors involved in the event that gave birth to the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, the introduction of universal manhood suffrage, and the Napoleonic Empire. An introductory essay, chronology, and comprehensive bibliography complement the more than 400 cross-referenced dictionary entries, making this a great resource for students and history enthusiasts alike.
The Ultimate Experience
Author: Y. Harari
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230583881
Pages: 386
Year: 2008-03-07
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For millennia, war was viewed as a supreme test. In the period 1750-1850 war became much more than a test: it became a secular revelation. This new understanding of war as revelation completely transformed Western war culture, revolutionizing politics, the personal experience of war, the status of common soldiers, and the tenets of military theory.