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La Crise des sociétés impériales. Allemagne, France, Grande-Bretagne (1900-1940). Essai d'histoire s
Author: Christophe Charle
Publisher: Le Seuil
ISBN: 2021009513
Pages: 608
Year: 2009-10-01T00:00:00+02:00
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Constituer, au-delà des mémoires obsédantes des tragédies qui l'ont marqué et du prisme des histoires nationales, le premier XXe siècle en objet d'histoire devient une nécessité imposée par le travail du temps. Le XXIe siècle se doit de porter un autre regard sur le siècle passé. C'est à quoi s'emploie le livre de Christophe Charle. Comment l'Allemagne, la France et la Grande-Bretagne, ces trois sociétés dominantes, que l'auteur propose d'appeler " impériales " en un sens nouveau, ont-elles été prises dans un champ de forces incontrôlées et incontrôlables dès avant l'été 1914 ? Plus grave, comment en sont-elles venues, sans être capables de tirer les leçons des origines de la Grande Guerre et des profondes transformations qu'elle a entraînées, à s'enfermer dans les habitus nationaux au point de tolérer la régression du nazisme et du vichysme et la gestion libérale anglaise sourde aux souffrances des plus dominés ? Il s'agit donc d'analyser, pas à pas, les caractéristiques propres à chaque pays, d'expliciter les dynamiques sociales à l'œuvre, l'impossible pacification de l'entre-deux-guerres, les tentations guerrières et autoritaires permanentes et, finalement, l'effondrement et la perte du leadership européen. En utilisant les ressources de l'histoire sociale comparative et en remettant en cause les interprétations classiques issues de l'histoire politique ou des relations internationales, Christophe Charle réussit là, sans doute, le premier livre d'histoire du XXIe siècle sur le XXe siècle.
Ballad of the Anarchist Bandits
Author: John Merriman
Publisher: Nation Books
ISBN: 1568589891
Pages: 336
Year: 2017-10-03
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For six terrifying months in 1911-1912, the citizens of Paris were gripped by a violent crime streak. A group of bandits went on a rampage throughout the city and its suburbs, robbing banks and wealthy Parisians, killing anyone who got in their way, and always managing to stay one step ahead of the police. But Jules Bonnot and the Bonnot Gang weren't just ordinary criminals; they were anarchists, motivated by the rampant inequality and poverty in Paris. John Merriman tells this story through the eyes of two young, idealistic lovers: Victor Kibaltchiche (later the famed Russian revolutionary and writer Victor Serge) and Rirette Maîtrejean, who chronicled the Bonnot crime spree in the radical newspaper L'Anarchie. While wealthy Parisians frequented restaurants on the Champs-Élysées, attended performances at the magnificent new opera house, and enjoyed the decadence of the so-called Belle Époque, Victor, Rirette, and their friends occupied a vast sprawl of dank apartments, bleak canals, and smoky factories. Victor and Rirette rejected the violence of Bonnot and his cronies, but to the police it made no difference. Victor was imprisoned for years for his anarchist beliefs, Bonnot was hunted down and shot dead, and his fellow bandits were sentenced to death by guillotine or lifelong imprisonment. Fast-paced and gripping, Ballad of the Anarchist Bandits is a tale of idealists and lost causes--and a vivid evocation of Paris in the dizzying years before the horrors of World War I were unleashed.
War Beyond the Battlefield
Author: David Grondin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135711321
Pages: 226
Year: 2013-09-13
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In an effort to make sense of war beyond the battlefield in studying the wars that were captured under the rubric of the "War on Terror", this special issue book seeks to explore the complex spatial relationships between war and the spaces that one is not used to thinking of as the battlefield. It focuses on the conflicts that still animate the spaces and places where violence has been launched and that the war has not left untouched. In focusing on war beyond the battlefield, it is not that the battlefield as the place where war is waged has gone in smoke or has borne out of importance, it is rather the case that the battlefield has been dis-placed, re-designed, re-shaped and rethought through new spatializing practices of warfare. These new spaces of war – new in the sense that they are not traditionally thought of as spaces where war takes place or is brought to – are television screens, cellular phones and bandwidth, George W. Bush’s ranch in Crawford, Texas, videogames, popular culture sites, news media, blogs, and so on. These spaces of war beyond the battlefield are crucial to understanding what goes on the battlefield, in Iraq, Afghanistan, or in other fronts of the War on Terror (such as the homeland) – to understand how terror has globally been waged beyond the battlefield. This book was originally published as a special issue of Geopolitics.
Bulletin de la Société impériale zoologique d'acclimatation
Year: 1863
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Bulletin mensuel de la Société Imperiale Zoologique d'Acclimatation
Author: Société Impériale Zoologique d'Acclimatation
Year: 1857
View: 575
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Bulletin de la Société impériale zoologique d'acclimatation
Author: Société impériale zoologique d'acclimatation
Year: 1868
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Storia della storiografia
Publisher: Editoriale Jaca Book
ISBN: 8816720506
Year: 2007
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Empire of Love
Author: Matt K. Matsuda
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195347471
Pages: 240
Year: 2005-01-20
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In this broad-ranging survey of Paris, Tahiti, Indochina, Japan, New Caledonia, and the South Pacific generally, Matt Matsuda illustrates the fascinating interplay that shaped the imaginations of both colonizer and colonized. Drawing on a wealth of primary sources, Matsuda describes the constitution of a "French Pacific" through the eyes of Tahitian monarchs, Kanak warriors, French politicos and prisoners, Asian revolutionaries and Central American laborers, among others. He argues that French imperialism in the Pacific, both real and imagined, was registered most forcefully in languages of desire and love--for lost islands, promised wealth and riches, carnal and spiritual pleasures--and political affinities. Exploring the conflicting engagements with love for and against the empire in the Pacific, this book is an imaginative and ground-breaking work in global imperial and colonial histories, as well as Pacific histories.
Transnational Intellectual Networks
Author: Christophe Charle, Jürgen Schriewer
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593373718
Pages: 558
Year: 2004-01
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The university system, both in America and abroad, has always claimed a universal significance for its research and educational models. At the same time, many universities, particularly in Europe, have also claimed another role—as custodians of national culture. Transnational Intellectual Networks explores this apparent contradiction and its resulting intellectual tensions with illuminating essays that span the nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century nationalization movements in Europe through the postwar era.
Debussy and His World
Author: Jane F. Fulcher
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691090424
Pages: 396
Year: 2001
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Claude Debussy's Paris was factionalised, politicised, and litigious. This text aims to capture the complexity of the composer's restless personal and artistic identity within the context of fin-de-siècle Paris.
Handbook of Historical Sociology
Author: Gerard Delanty, Engin F Isin
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1847871208
Pages: 424
Year: 2003-06-03
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`The overall conception of the volume is absolutely splendid, and the editors skilfully place the material in the context of disciplinary and post-disciplinary developments in sociology. This is a major contribution to the field, as well as a comprehensive and reliable guide to its main components' - William Outhwaite, Professor of Sociology, School of European Studies, University of Sussex `It is hard to think of anything that has been left out in this masterly survey of contemporary historical sociology. The editors have done a superb job in the selection of both themes and contributors. We now at last have an up-to-date book to assign in our graduate courses on comparative historical sociology. There's really nothing else like it out there.... The editors' introduction is one of the best things I have read on how the field developed, and the problems it has encountered' - Krishan Kumar, William R Kenan, Jr Professor of Sociology, University of Virginia 'The range of topics covered and the number of distinguished scholars who have contributed to the handbook is impressive, with leading figures such as Bryan S Turner, John R Hall, Gianfranco Poggi and Craig Calhoun among the contributors to a book that covers areas as diverse as post-colonial historiography and the historical sociology of the city... the handbook fills a void within the sizable literature on historical sociology and undoubtedly will be a useful addition to graduate reading lists' - The British Journal of Sociology What is important in historical sociology? What are the main routes of development in the subject? This Handbook consists of 26 chapters on historical sociology. It is divided into three parts. Part One is devoted to Foundations and covers Marx, Weber, evolutionary and functionalist approaches, the Annales School, Elias, Nelson and Eisenstadt. Part Two moves on to consider major approaches, such as modernization approaches, late Marxist approaches, historical geography, institutional approaches, cultural history, intellectual history, postcolonial and genealogical approaches. The third part is devoted to the major substantive themes in historical sociology ranging from state formation, nationalism, social movements, classes, patriarchy, architecture, religion and moral regulation to problems of periodization and East-West divisions. Each part includes an introduction that summarizes and contextualizes chapters. A general introduction to the volume outlines the current situation of historical sociology after the cultural turn in the social sciences. It argues that historical sociology is deeply divided between explanatory `sociological' approaches and more empirical and interpretative `historical' approaches. Systematic and informative the book offers readers the most complete and authoritative guide to historical sociology.
Modernity as Experience and Interpretation
Author: Peter Wagner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 074565584X
Pages: 296
Year: 2013-04-18
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We are all modern today. But modernity today is not what it used to be. Over the past few decades, modernity has been radically changed by globalization, individualization, new inequalities, and fundamentalism. A novel way of analysing contemporary societies is needed. This book proposes such an analysis. Every society seeks answers to certain basic questions: how to order life in common; how to satisfy human needs; how to establish knowledge. Sociology long assumed that the answers had been found once and for all: a liberal-democratic state, a market economy, and free scientific institutions. This trinity used to be called ‘modern society’. By contrast, this book is based on the idea that, under conditions of modernity, there are no stable and certain answers to these questions. There is a plurality of possible answers, every proposed answer can be criticized and contested, and every society needs to find its answer on its own. This new sociology of modernity proposes two key instruments through which to understand the answers given to those questions: the experiences human beings have of their own modernity and the interpretations they give to those experiences. It reviews the history of ‘Western’ modernity in this light and then focuses on the specific answers that were and are being developed in Europe.
Memories and Representations of War
Author: Elena Lamberti, Vita Fortunati
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 9042025212
Pages: 343
Year: 2009-01
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The contributors to the present volume approach World War I and World War II as complex and intertwined crossroads leading to the definition of the new European (and world) reality, and deeply pervading the making of the twentieth century. These scholars belong to different yet complementary areas of research ¿ history, literature, cinema, art history; they come from various national realities and discuss questions related to Italy, Britain, Germany, Poland, Spain, at times introducing a comparison between European and North American memories of the two World War experiences. These scholars are all guided by the same principle: to encourage the establishment of an interdisciplinary and trans-national dialogue in order to work out new approaches capable of integrating and acknowledging different or even opposing ways to perceive and interpret the same historical phenomenon. While assessing the way the memories of the two World Wars have been readjusted each time in relation to the evolving international historical setting and through various mediators of memory (cinema, literature, art and monuments), the various essays contribute to unveil a cultural panorama inhabited by contrasting memories and by divided memories not to emphasise divisions, but to acknowledge the ethical need for a truly shared act of reconciliation.
Homo Historicus
Author: Christophe Charle
Publisher: Armand Colin
ISBN: 2200286805
Pages: 320
Year: 2013-01-23
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Ces réflexions sur l’histoire et les historiens s’attachent à mettre au jour les contraintes souvent invisibles ou inconscientes qui pèsent sur le travail historique. Non seulement celles, toujours évoquées, de la difficile prise de distance critique par rapport à la société globale et à l’horizon temporel et mémoriel mais surtout celles, souvent trop vite oubliées, de l’héritage des pratiques et des censures propres à chaque système académique et des effets induits par la position relative de l’histoire au sein des autres sciences sociales et humaines. Abordant des types d’histoire, de méthode ou d’objets multiples, au croisement de plusieurs disciplines, l’ouvrage entend combattre aussi un certain discours de dénigrement et un catastrophisme franco-français sur l’état de l’histoire et des sciences humaines et sociales, qui ne correspondent pas à l’état réel du champ historiographique. Face à certaines dérives induites par les politiques universitaires et de recherche depuis une décennie, Homo historicus entend pratiquer ce que Julien Gracq appelait justement « l’hygiène des lettres », réactivation de l’esprit critique et autocritique, fondement de toute démarche historienne. Issu de la coopération ou du dialogue avec des chercheurs partageant les mêmes convictions, cet essai propose une défense et illustration d’une pratique de l’histoire pleinement engagée dans son siècle, dans la lignée d’historiens européens évoqués dans les chapitres finaux. Christophe Charle, professeur à l’Université de Paris 1-Panthéon-Sorbonne, membre de l’Institut universitaire de France, est l’auteur d’une vingtaine d’ouvrages dont en dernier lieu, Discordance des temps, une brève histoire de la modernité (Armand Colin, 2011) et, avec J. Verger, Histoire des Universités XIIe-XXIe siècle (PUF, 2012).