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Gouverner en terre d'Islam : Xe-XVe siècles
Author: Christine Mazzoli-Guintard
Publisher: PU Rennes
ISBN: 2753534535
Pages: 378
Year: 2014
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Le programme des concours CAPES-Agrégation d’histoire 2015-2016 envisage sur un temps long de six siècles et un espace extrêmement vaste (l’essentiel des terres d’Islam, al-Andalus, Maghreb, Egypte, Syrie, Hedjaz, Iraq jusqu’en 1258, seules étant exclues l’Anatolie et la Perse) la thématique du pouvoir. Gouverner en terre d’Islam signifie comprendre l’ensemble des conditions dans lesquelles un pouvoir s’exerce sur une population, la domine, la contrôle, autrement dit connaître tout à la fois les théories du pouvoir et les réalités de son exercice, dans ses variantes entre l’Orient et l’Occident, dans les évolutions que connaissent les différentes régions des terres d’Islam. Il s’agit donc de donner les principales clés pour comprendre les diverses formes que prit l’exercice du pouvoir dans le monde musulman entre le Xe et le XVe siècle, de suggérer des pistes de réflexion et de proposer une bibliographie sur les différentes thématiques à considérer.
An Historical Atlas of Islam [cartographic Material]
Author: William Charles Brice
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004061169
Pages: 71
Year: 1981
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A Mediterranean Emporium
Author: David Abulafia
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521894050
Pages: 320
Year: 2002-05-09
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The first account of the trade and commercial life of the medieval Spanish kingdom of Majorca.
Vivre à Cordoue au moyen âge
Author: Christine Mazzoli-Guintard
Publisher: PU Rennes
ISBN: 286847778X
Pages: 304
Year: 2003
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Au Xe siècle, Cordoue, capitale des Omeyyades d'Occident, forme une vaste conurbation et apparaît comme la plus grande ville de la Méditerranée. Or, autant les chroniques fourmillent de données concernant le groupe détenteur du pouvoir et permettent de cerner les rouages de l'administration, l'entourage du prince ou le cérémonial de la cour califale, autant elles ignorent le monde des citadins et les ressorts sur lesquels la ville s'appuie pour fonctionner. Il faut se tourner vers le monde des juristes pour voir apparaître, derrière les instances officielles qui gèrent la ville, les modes d'organisation sociale qui permettent la vie d'une société urbaine, par définition foisonnante, plurielle et multi-confessionnelle en terre d'Islam. À travers le recueil de fatwas d'Ibn Sahl (1022-1093), se dessinent des espaces urbains gérés par les habitants pour leur commun profit, espaces publics de la ville, espaces communautaires du quartier, espaces de la maison partagés avec le voisin. L'ouvrage examine ainsi le réseau hiérarchisé des rues, le monde du marché, les relations que les hommes entretiennent autour de leurs murs ou de leur système d'évacuation des eaux. Les solidarités citadines qui se développent autour des biens communs à l'ensemble des Cordouans s'expriment surtout au niveau du quartier, l'espace de sociabilité par excellence des citadins : la mosquée en constitue l'élément structurant et on y voit des hommes intervenir dans la gestion de leur oratoire et développer un tissu urbain qu'ils sécrètent en se fondant sué le respect d'un certain nombre de règles tacites répondant au principe fondamental La darar wa la dirar, Ne nuis point à autrui !.
Migrations et diasporas méditerranéennes
Author: Michel Balard, Alain Ducellier
Publisher: Publications de la Sorbonne
ISBN: 2859444483
Pages: 529
Year: 2002
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La Méditerranée a été de tout temps zone de brassage. La période médiévale a vu s'y déployer bien des migrations, proches par leurs caractères des grands déplacements humains de l'époque contemporaine : flux et reflux des marchands italiens allant s'installer dans les comptoirs d'outre-mer, migrations forcées des Arméniens créant un nouveau foyer en Cilicie, ou des juifs espagnols cherchant refuge dans l'empire ottoman après le décret d'expulsion de 1492, migrations économiques d'Albanais, de Coumans, de Syriens, de Bulgares, ou de gens de guerre pour qui ne comptent que l'aventure et l'appât du gain. Les motivations sont multiples, de même que les itinéraires empruntés. Migrations et diasporas, à l'origine de la création de colonies et de comptoirs, révèlent un système de valeurs et montrent comment les groupements humains assurent la continuité et le renouvellement de leurs propres structures, tout en s'adaptant aux changements imposés par la conjoncture. Le monde méditerranéen fut et demeure le lieu de profonds bouleversements humains que seule une différence d'échelle sépare aujourd'hui de ceux d'hier. Saisir ceux-ci dans leur complexité aide à mieux comprendre le monde contemporain. Ouvrage publié avec le concours du Conseil Scientifique de l'Université Paris I et du " Legs Malandrino ".
Unity in Diversity
Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004262806
Pages: 440
Year: 2013-11-07
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The edited volume Unity in Diversity: Mysticism, Messianism and the Construction of Religious Authority in Islam explores the role of mystical and messianic groups and movements in the construction and re-construction of religious authority in Muslim societies.
Muslims of Medieval Italy
Author: Alex Metcalfe
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748688439
Pages: 336
Year: 2014-03-11
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A general historical introduction to the Muslims of Medieval Italy which presents specific information regarding social, religious, administrative, political, cultural, artistic and intellectual questions.
Early Christian-Muslim Debate on the Unity of God
Author: Sara Leila Husseini
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004279695
Pages: 254
Year: 2014-09-12
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In Early Christian-Muslim Debate on the Unity of God, Sara Husseini examines the writings of three ninth century Christian theologians, analysing their engagement with Islamic theology in order to articulate the doctrine of the Trinity in an Arabic Islamic context.
A Companion to Mediterranean History
Author: Peregrine Horden, Sharon Kinoshita
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118519337
Pages: 499
Year: 2014-01-21
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A Companion to Mediterranean History presents a wide-ranging overview of this vibrant field of historical research, drawing together scholars from a range of disciplines to discuss the development of the region from Neolithic times to the present. Provides a valuable introduction to current debates on Mediterranean history and helps define the field for a new generation Covers developments in the Mediterranean world from Neolithic times to the modern era Enables fruitful dialogue among a wide range of disciplines, including history, archaeology, art, literature, and anthropology
The Oxford Handbook of Cities in World History
Author: Peter Clark
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199589534
Pages: 882
Year: 2013-02-14
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In 2008 for the first time the majority of the planet's inhabitants lived in cities and towns. Becoming globally urban has been one of mankind's greatest collective achievements over time. Written by leading scholar, this is the first detailed survey of the world's cities and towns from ancient times to the present day.
Writers and Readers in Medieval Italy
Author: Armando Petrucci, Charles Radding
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300060890
Pages: 257
Year: 1995-01-01
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This study of reading and writing in medieval Italy addresses the concerns of how people learned to write, what they wrote and read, how scribes were trained, the purpose for which books were copied, and how ideas about books influenced their use, preservation and transmission.
The New Cambridge History of Islam: Volume 2, The Western Islamic World, Eleventh to Eighteenth Centuries
Author: Maribel Fierro
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316184331
Pages:
Year: 2010-11-04
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Volume 2 of The New Cambridge History of Islam is devoted to the history of the Western Islamic lands from the political fragmentation of the eleventh century to the beginnings of European colonialism towards the end of the eighteenth century. The volume embraces a vast area from al-Andalus and North Africa to Arabia and the lands of the Ottomans. In the first four sections, scholars – all leaders in their particular fields - chart the rise and fall, and explain the political and religious developments, of the various independent ruling dynasties across the region, including famously the Almohads, the Fatimids and Mamluks, and, of course, the Ottomans. The final section of the volume explores the commonalities and continuities that united these diverse and geographically disparate communities, through in-depth analyses of state formation, conversion, taxation, scholarship and the military.
Trading Conflicts
Author: Georg Christ
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004221999
Pages: 365
Year: 2012-01-20
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Based on Mamluk and Venetian sources, this book offers a thorough analysis of the various conflicts arising around Levant trade. It demonstrates how these conflicts more often than not cut across cultural divides in Late Medieval Mamluk Alexandria.
A Companion to the History of Science
Author: Bernard Lightman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118620755
Pages: 624
Year: 2016-02-01
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The Wiley Blackwell Companion to the History of Science is a single volume companion that discusses the history of science as it is done today, providing a survey of the debates and issues that dominate current scholarly discussion, with contributions from leading international scholars. Provides a single-volume overview of current scholarship in the history of science edited by one of the leading figures in the field Features forty essays by leading international scholars providing an overview of the key debates and developments in the history of science Reflects the shift towards deeper historical contextualization within the field Helps communicate and integrate perspectives from the history of science with other areas of historical inquiry Includes discussion of non-Western themes which are integrated throughout the chapters Divided into four sections based on key analytic categories that reflect new approaches in the field
The Court of the Caliphs
Author: Hugh N. Kennedy
Publisher: Weidenfeld & Nicolson Limited
ISBN: 0297830007
Pages: 326
Year: 2004
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Professor Hugh Kennedy makes no apology for the 'fair share of booze and sex' involved in The Court of the Caliphs. Every element of his story is drawn from the original Arabic texts: 'the writers of the ninth and tenth centuries knew their rulers had their fair share of human frailties and were quite happy to describe them. To produce a sanitized and whitewashed version of history does no service to our understanding of the caliphate.' In this fast-paced and colourful narrative, Professor Hugh Kennedy takes us back to Baghdad and Samarra and the glory days of the Caliphate. From a rebellion planned in a remote desert town to the founding of Baghdad in AD 762, the rule of the Abbasid dynasty was looked back on as the golden era of the Islamic Conquest. The muslim world was ruled by a single sovereign, who waged holy war against the Byzantines and protected the holy cites of Mecca and Medina. For what was to be the last time in history, a mighty empire was based on the ancient Mesopotamian heartland that had once supported the Sumerians, Babylonians and Assyrians. The Caliphs formed the model for succeeding muslim regimes. From military conquests to patronizing poetry, building palaces, and the formal structure of the court - harems, viziers, eunuchs and the tales of the Arabian Nights - the Abbasid Caliphate and offered a historical ideal for later empires and their rulers to aspire to. Yet the true story of this fascinating empire has been forgotten outside the academic world. And it deserves to be rescued: it is an epic story in every sense, with larger-than-life rulers, exotic slave girls, inventive tortures, and enough court intrigue to frighten a Borgia.